(398u) Development of Potassium- and Sodium-Promoted CaO Adsorbents for CO2 Capture at High Temperatures

Authors: 
Al-Mamoori, A., Missouri University of Science and Technology
Rezaei, F., Missouri University of Science and Technology
Li, X., Missouri University of Science and Technology
Thakkar, H., Missouri University of Science and Technology
Development of highly efficient adsorbents for high temperature CO2 capture process is crucial for large scale implementation of this technology. In this work, development of novel potassium- and sodium-promoted CaO adsorbents (K-Ca and Na-Ca) is discussed and their CO2 capture performance at high temperatures is presented. A series of K-Ca and Na-Ca adsorbents with various K/Ca or Na/Ca molar ratios were developed and tested for CO2 capture at high temperatures ranging from 300 to 400 °C. The structural, chemical, and morphological characteristics of the double salts were systematically evaluated before and after exposure to CO2. Our results indicated that CO2 capacity is largely influenced by both K or Na concentration and adsorption temperature. A maximum capacity of 3.8 and 3.2 mmol/g were obtained for K-Ca and Na-Ca double salts, respectively, at 375 °C and 1 bar. Further investigation of the effect of temperature revealed that the window temperature for operation ranges from 300 to 650 °C while beyond 650 °C, the double salts start to decompose and lose capacity. Moreover, it was found that both adsorption kinetics and capacity improve with temperature, with CO2 uptake reaching a maximum 10.7 mmol/g at 650 °C over K-Ca double salt. This study represents alkali metal-promoted CaO adsorbents as potential high-temperature adsorbents with similar performance to their MgO-based analogues.

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