(342f) Mobility Size and Effective Density of Carbonaceous Aerosols

Authors: 
Kelesidis, G. A., ETH Zurich
Pratsinis, S. E., ETH Zurich
Goudeli, E., University of Minnesota
Mobility Size and Effective Density of Carbonaceous Aerosols

Georgios A. Kelesidis, Eirini Goudeli, Sotiris E. Pratsinis

Particle Technology Laboratory, Institute of Process Engineering,

Department of Mechanical & Process Engineering, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

The mobility size estimation of evolving fractal-like soot aggregates is not trivial, as it depends on their structure as well as the number and size of their constituent primary particles. A scaling law describing the mobility size of agglomerates consisting of monodisperse primary particles in point contact (Sorensen, 2011) overestimates the mobility diameter of mature soot aggregates from diffusion flames for a given number of primary particles (Rissler et al., 2013). Rissler et al. (2013) attributed this difference to the primary particle polydispersity and chemical bonding induced by surface growth (aggregation), neglected in the above scaling law (Sorensen, 2011). Typically population balance models for soot formation estimate the mobility diameter assuming it is equal to the gyration diameter (Yapp et al., 2015).

Here, the Discrete Element Model of nascent soot agglomeration and surface growth by acetylene pyrolysis (Kelesidis et al., 2017) is extended to investigate the dynamics of mature soot formation at longer residence times and different flow regimes than nascent soot in the absence of soot oxidation. The evolution of soot mean gyration, mobility and primary particle diameters as function of the mean number of primary particles per aggregate are elucidated. The common assumption that the mobility is equal to the gyration diameter leads to 40 % underestimation of the nascent soot mobility size and 30 % overestimation of the mature soot aggregate mobility diameter.

Relationships for the soot mobility size and effective density are derived by following the evolution from nascent to mature soot morphology and compared to the correlation of Sorensen (2011) and mass-mobility measurements in quenched diffusion flames (Rissler et al., 2013; Yon et al., 2015). The scaling law for agglomeration in the absence of surface growth (Sorensen, 2011) overestimates the measured mature soot aggregate mobility size by 37 % and underestimates its effective density by 44 %. Accounting, however, for the primary particle polydispersity and chemical bonding or aggregation induced by surface growth reduces the deviation from the mass-mobility measurements down to 7 and 11 % for the mobility size and the effective density, respectively.

References:

Kelesidis, G.A., Goudeli, E., Pratsinis, S.E. (2017) Proc. Combust. Inst. 36, 29-50.

Rissler, J., Messing, M.E., Malik, A.I., Nilsson, P.T., Nordin, E.Z., Bohgard, M., Sanati, M., Pagels, J.H. (2013) Aerosol Sci. Technol. 47, 792-805.

Sorensen, C.M. (2011) Aerosol Sci. Technol. 45, 765-779.

Yapp, E.K.Y., Chen, D., Akroyd, J., Mosbach, S., Kraft, M., Camacho, J., Wang, H. (2015) Combust. Flame 162, 2569-2581.

Yon, J., Bescond, A., Ouf, F.X. (2015) J. Aerosol Sci. 87 (2015) 28-37.