(262e) Extraordinarily Slow Electron-Hole Recombination in Perovskite Phase Cesium Lead Iodide

Authors: 
Dastidar, S., Drexel University
Baxter, J. B., Drexel University
Fafarman, A. T., Drexel University
Li, S., Drexel University

The exceptional photovoltaic performance of hybrid organic –
inorganic perovskites, exhibiting power conversion efficiencies beyond 22%, has
inspired a surge in research over the last few years into the broader family of
lead-halide perovskites. More recently, all-inorganic CsPbX3 (where
X is a halide) has emerged as a promising alternative to the hybrid perovskites
due to its greater chemical stability. Herein, polycrystalline thin films of all-inorganic,
perovskite-phase cesium lead iodide (CsPbI3) have been investigated
by pump-probe transient absorption (TA) and time-resolved terahertz
spectroscopies (TRTS). By modeling the carrier recombination kinetics as a
function of the initial photo-induced carrier concentration, the rate constants
are determined, revealing an unusually slow bi-molecular rate constant (k2)
of 10-11 cm3s-1 and a mono-molecular
recombination life time as long as 160 ns. From the TRTS measurement, the
carrier mobility (m) has been estimated to be >10 cm2/Vs.
The combination of these parameters leads to an estimated carrier diffusion
length (LD), a critical parameter in solar absorber, well
over one micrometer in CsPbI3. Remarkably, these excellent
optoelectronic parameters are exhibited by a solution-deposited thin film, and
are equivalent or even slightly superior to the examples of highly optimized
hybrid perovskites in the literature, processed in the same manner. The
surprising similarity between CsPbI3 and its hybrid equivalent
strongly implies that the organic cation does not provide any explicit benefit in
photovoltaic performance. In conjunction with recent successes in improving the
structural stability of the perovskite phase of CsPbI3 these results
argue for a greater role for CsPbI3 in future photovoltaic technologies.

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