(254c) Simulation of the Effect of Contact Area Loss in All-Solid-State Batteries

Authors: 
Tian, H. K., Michigan State University
Qi, Y., Michigan State University
Maintaining the physical contact between the solid electrolyte and the electrode is important to improve the performance of all-solid-state batteries. Imperfect contact can be formed during cell fabrication and will be worsened due to cycling, resulting in degradation of the battery performance. In this paper, the effect of imperfect contact area was incorporated into a 1­D Newman battery model by assuming the current and Li concentration will be localized at the contacted area. Constant current discharging processes at different rates and contact areas was simulated for a film-type Li|LiPON|LiCoO2 all­solid­state battery. The capacity drop was correlated with the contact area loss. It was found at lower cutoff voltage, the correlation is almost linear with a slope of 1; while at higher cut off voltage, the dropping rate is slower. To establish the relationship of the applied pressure and the contact area, Persson’s contact mechanics theory was applied, as it uses self-affined surfaces to simplify the multi-length scale contacts in all-solid-state batteries. The contact area and pressure was computed for both film-type and bulk-type all-solid-state Li-ion batteries. The model is then used to suggest how much pressures should be applied to recover the capacity drop due to contact area loss.