(173c) Preparation of ZIF-8 Membranes Supported on Polymer Hollow Fibers Using Microwave-Assisted Seeding and Secondary Growth Method | AIChE

(173c) Preparation of ZIF-8 Membranes Supported on Polymer Hollow Fibers Using Microwave-Assisted Seeding and Secondary Growth Method


Lee, M. J. - Presenter, Texas A&M University
Hamid, M., Texas A&M University
Lee, J., Hanyang University
Kim, J. S., Hanyang University
Jeong, H. K., Texas A&M University

Preparation of ZIF-8 Membranes
supported on Polymer Hollow Fibers using Microwave-assisted Seeding and Secondary
Growth Method

Moon Joo Lee1,
Mohamad Rezi Abdul Hamid1, Jongmyeong
Lee3, Ju Sung Kim3, Young Moo Lee3 and
Hae-Kwon Jeong*1,2

McFerrin Department of Chemical Engineering and 2Department of Materials
Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3122
3Department of Energy Engineering, College of Engineering, Hanyang
University, Seoul 133-791, Republic of Korea

* Corresponding author: hjeong7@tamu.edu

Separation of olefin/paraffin mixtures, e.g.
propylene/propane, is one of the most
challenging separations due to the similarity of their physicochemical properties.
Currently, an energy intensive
cryo-distillation process is employed. Though energy-efficient membrane-based
separation processes are drawing significant interest,
no membranes are commercially available
for olefin/paraffin separations mainly due to the limitations of current
membrane materials and processing methods to fabricate their membranes with
large membrane areas.1-3

frameworks (ZIFs), a sub-class of metal-organic
frameworks (MOFs) with zeolite topology, are
highly crystalline nanoporous materials
with aperture sizes of typically less than 5 Å. ZIFs composed of metal ions (typically
Zn2+ and Co2+) and imidazole-derived organic linkers,4 have
been extensively studied for gas separation applications. Specifically, ZIF-8 is shown very promising as a new
membrane material for propylene/propane
separation because the effective pore
size is in between the size of propylene
and propane. While several ZIF-8 membranes
showed high propylene/propane separation factors, however, there are critical
issues for their commercial applications: 1) high cost of membranes and 2) low
productivities. To increase the productivity and to reduce the cost of ZIF-8
membranes, polymeric hollow fibers have been utilized
as substrates, but only a few of the
resulting ZIF-8 membranes showed promising propylene/propane separation

Herein, we would like to present a microwave-based method to prepare well inter-grown ZIF-8 membranes on
polymeric hollow fibers readily. The method is modified based on our
previously reported microwave-assisted seeding and secondary growth technique.10
Densely-packed nano-sized ZIF-8 seed crystals were
rapidly prepared on either inner or outer surface of hollow fibers under
microwave heating. Subsequently, seed
crystals were secondarily grown into continuous
ZIF-8 films on polyimide hollow fibers. The thickness of the resulting ZIF-8
membranes was much smaller than any ZIF-8 membranes grown on polymer hollow
fibers reported, which are several micrometers in thickness. The effects of
synthesis parameters and fiber morphologies on the microstructures of ZIF-8
membranes will be discussed. Finally, the
gas separation performances of ZIF-8 membranes will be presented.

References and Notes

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of Membrane Science
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Tanaka, K., Taguchi, A., Hao, JQ, Kita, H., and Okamoto, K., (1996) “Permeation
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of Membrane Science
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Park KS, Ni Z, Côté AP, et al., (2006) “Exceptional
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5 Zhang C, Lively RP, Zhang K, Johnson JR, Karvan O, Koros
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6 Andrew J. Brown, Nicholas A. Brunelli, Kiwon Eum,
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7 FernandoCacho-Bailo, SilviaCatalán-Aguirre,
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8 Kiwon Eum, Chen Ma, Ali Rownaghi, Christopher W.
Jones, and Sankar Nair (2016) “ZIF‑8 Membranes via Interfacial Microfluidic Processing in
Polymeric Hollow Fibers: Efficient Propylene Separation at Elevated Pressures”,
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8, pp 25337 – 25342

9 Anne M. Marti, Wasala Wickramanayake, Ganpat Dahe,
Ali Sekizkardes, Tracy L. Bank, David P. Hopkinson, and Surendar R. Venna
(2017) “Continuous Flow Processing of ZIF‑8 Membranes on Polymeric Porous Hollow Fiber Supports
for CO2 Capture”, ACS Applied materials
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9, pp 5678-5682

Kwon HT, Jeong H-K., (2013), “Highly
propylene-selective supported zeolite-imidazolate framework (ZIF-8) membranes
synthesized by rapid microwave-assisted seeding and secondary growth”, Chemical Communications, 49, pp 3854-3856