(640b) Scalable Manufacturing of Nanostructured Particles By Gas-Phase Deposition Techniques

Authors: 
van Ommen, J. R., Delft University of Technology
Core-shell nanoparticles and other nanostructured particles have high potential in applications such as catalysis, energy storage and pharma. However, a hurdle in their utilisation is that typically large amounts of such materials are required. Current liquid-phase and gas-phase synthesis methods often lack the high precision required or do not lend themselves to large-scale production. Gas-phase coating can be used to provide the surface of a particle with either a thin continuous coating or a decoration of nanoclusters. Coating techniques that can be used are chemical vapour deposition (CVD) [1], atomic layer deposition (ALD) [2], and molecular layer deposition (MLD) [3].

When carried out in a so-called fluidized bed, gas-phase coating is an attractive way of producing nanostructured particles with excellent scale-up potential. In such a system, the particles are suspended in an upward gas flow. We can do this both for nanoparticles and micron-sized particles. Nanoparticles â?? contrary to what is typically observed for larger particles â?? are fluidized as very dilute agglomerates with distinctive fluidization characteristics. I will discuss the challenges related to coating of nanoparticles using CVD, ALD, and MLD with such a system. Moreover, I will give a number of examples of the applications of nanostructured particles produced in this way.

[1] Valdesueiro, D., Meesters, G., Kreutzer, M., and van Ommen, J.R., 'Gas-phase deposition of ultrathin aluminium oxide films on nanoparticles at ambient conditions', Materials 8: 1249-1263 (2015).

[2] Goulas, A. and van Ommen, J.R., 'Atomic layer deposition of platinum clusters on titania nanoparticles at atmospheric pressure', Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1(15): p. 4647-4650 (2013).

[3] Vasudevan, S.A., Xu, Y., Karwal, S., van Ostaay, H.G.M.E., Meesters, G.M.H., Talebi, M., Sudhölter, E.J.R., and van Ommen, J.R., 'Controlled release from protein particles encapsulated by molecular layer deposition', Chemical Communications 51: 12540-12543 (2015).