(568d) Synthetical Recovery of Oil Extraction Wastewater with Combined Membrane Distillation Crystallization Technology | AIChE

(568d) Synthetical Recovery of Oil Extraction Wastewater with Combined Membrane Distillation Crystallization Technology


Jiang, X. - Presenter, Dalian University of Technology
Lu, D., Dalian University of Technology
He, G., Dalian University of Technology
Xiao, W., Dalian University of Technology

recovery of oil extraction
wastewater with combined membrane distillation crystallization technology

Jiang*, Dapeng Lu, Gaohong He, Wu Xiao

State Key Laboratory of Fine
Chemicals, Research and Development Center of Membrane Science and Technology,
School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, P. R.

*Corresponding author: Email: xbjiang@dlut.edu.cn


The regeneration of ethylene glycol (EG) aqueous solution used as an
anti-freezer and hydration inhibitor from oil extraction wastewater is an
important and challenging work due to the combining separation
requirement of enrichment of EG and desalination[1]. Membrane distillation (MD)
is a recently developed thermally or pressure-driven membrane process combined
distillation and crystallization [2,3]. In recent decade, the combined membrane
distillation crystallization (MDC) process had significant advantages on the
brine treatment, crystals manufacture and crystallization control [4,5,6].

In this work,
ethylene glycol (EG) aqueous solution of oil extraction wastewater was
concentrated and desalinated by means of combined MDC technology using
polypropylene (PP) hollow fiber membrane. The controlling strategy that
inspired by the biomineralization control research on the porous membrane
platform was developed [6]. Higher feed EG concentration could lead to a
decline in the permeate flux and the best concentration was 60%, where the
largest feed treatment equivalent could be obtained with NaCl rejection higher
than 98.9 % and water content in the permeate higher than 99%.

The crystal
size distributions were quite different. The crystal distribution of MDC method
was more uniform than that of evaporation crystallization by introducing the
synchronous concentration controlling approach. The average size of NaCl
crystals from both methods were about 100 ¦Ìm, while the C.V. value of the
crystals from membrane-crystallization was 33.76 lower than that from
evaporation crystallization, 46.12. The secondary nucleation inhibited
in MDC process led to the desire crystal size distribution. It is
obvious that the uniform crystal size distribution is the prominent advantages
of MDC, which could be benefit to solid-liquid separation process.

Fig.1 Comparison of crystal size distribution and crystal habit with
evaporative crystallization (ED) and membrane distillation crystallizaiton


This work is
supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21306017,
21527812), Program for Changjiang Scholars and Support Project of the China
Petroleum and Chemical Corporation (X514001).


[1]     Yong, A. and Obanijesu, E.O.: Influence of natural gas production
chemicals on scale production in MEG regeneration systems. Chem. Eng. Sci.
2015. 130, 172¨C182(2015)

[2]     Zhang, Y.: Review of thermal efficiency and heat recycling in membrane
distillation processes. Desalination 367, 223-239(2015).

[3]     Alkhudhiri, A., Darwish N., Hilal N.: Membrane distillation: A
comprehensive review. Desalination 287, 2-18 (2012).

[4]     Jiang, X., Lu, D., Xiao, W., Ruan, X., Fang, J., He, G.: Membrane
Assisted Cooling Crystallization: Process Model, Nucleation, Metastable Zone,
and Crystal Size Distribution. AIChE Journal 3, 829-841 (2016).

[5]     Chabanon, E., Mangin, D., Charcosset, C.: Membranes and crystallization
processes: State of the art and prospects. J. Membrane Sci. 509, 57-67 (2016).

[6]     Di Profio, G.; Salehi, S. M.; Caliandro, R.; Guccione, P.; Nico, G.;
Curcio, E.; Fontananova, E., Bioinspired Synthesis of CaCO Superstructures
through a Novel Hydrogel Composite Membranes Mineralization Platform: A
Comprehensive View. Adv. Mater. 28, (4), 610-616 (2016).