(40d) Carrier Scattering at Alloy Nanointerfaces Enhances Power Factor in PEDOT:PSS Hybrid Thermoelectrics

Zaia, E. W. - Presenter, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Sahu, A., New York University
Zhou, P., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Gordon, M. P., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Forster, J., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Liu, Y. S., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Guo, J., Advance Light Source
Urban, J., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
This work demonstrates the first method for controlled growth of heterostructures within hybrid organic/inorganic nanocomposite thermoelectrics. Using a facile, aqueous technique, semimetal-alloy nanointerfaces are patterned within a hybrid thermoelectric system consisting of tellurium (Te) nanowires and the conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styrene-sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS). Specifically, this method is used to grow nanoscale islands of Cu1.75Te alloy subphases within hybrid PEDOT:PSS-Te nanowires. This technique is shown to provide tunability of thermoelectric and electronic properties, providing up to 22% enhancement of the systemâ??s power factor in the low-doping regime, consistent with preferential scattering of low energy carriers. This work provides an exciting platform for rational design of multiphase nanocomposites and highlights the potential for engineering of carrier filtering within hybrid thermoelectrics via introduction of interfaces with controlled structural and energetic properties.