(229f) Photoreversible Gel Patterning with Site-Specifically-Modified Proteins to Direct Cell Fate in 4D

Authors: 
DeForest, C. A., University of Washington
Shadish, J. A., University of Washington
Arakawa, C. K., University of Washington
As microenvironmental reconfigurations govern many important biological processes, tunable in vitro culture platforms that recapitulate such dynamic phenomena would be invaluable for fundamental studies in stem cell biology, as well as in the eventual engineering of functional human tissue1. Preliminary efforts have exploited photochemical reactions to tether peptides spatially within hydrogels2â??4. While such approaches have proven successful in directing 3D cell physiology, the realized biological control has been confined to relatively simple cellular functions (e.g., adhesion, proliferation). To govern more complex decisions of fate, a system that enables dynamic presentation of full-length proteins would be of great interest5. However, proteins are commonly recognized to be as delicate as they are powerful; careful consideration must be given to the immobilization chemistry and precise site of protein tethering to ensure sustained stability and activity. Here we present a robust synthetic strategy enabling the user-defined immobilization and subsequent release of proteins in a site-specific manner within a 3D cell culture platform, thereby preserving protein function to modulate intricate cellular behavior including stem cell differentiation, protein secretion, and cell-cell interactions.

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