(181a) Solution Strategies for the Dynamic Warehouse Location Under Discrete Transportation Costs | AIChE

(181a) Solution Strategies for the Dynamic Warehouse Location Under Discrete Transportation Costs


Brunaud, B. - Presenter, Johnson & Johnson
Bassett, M., Dow AgroSciences
Agarwal, A., Carnegie Mellon University
Wassick, J., The Dow Chemical Company
Grossmann, I., Carnegie Mellon University
A Mixed-Integer Linear Programming model is proposed to determine the optimal number, location and capacity of the warehouses required to support a 5-year forecast for a business with seasonal demand. Discrete transportation costs, dynamic warehouse contracting, and handling of safety stock are the three main features that make the problem different from the previous reported work in the facility location problem. The most effective modeling alternative for each of these complicating issues was identified. To solve large-scale problems, tightening constraints, approximating reformulations and multistage heuristics are proposed. Solution algorithms that exploit the problem structure were developed. A 2-stage heuristic based on products grouping is able to obtain the optimal solution in 95% of the instances tested. A 3-stage heuristic, using a single mode model as intermediate step, was found to be better suited for very large-scale problems yielding only a 1% deviation from the optimal solution. To take advantage of the feasible solution found using the developed heuristics, decomposition strategies are explored to yield proven optimal solutions.


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