(730d) Crystal Growth Inhibition of a Poorly Water-Soluble Drug Using Polymeric Additives

Authors: 
Schram, C., Purdue University
Taylor, L., Purdue University
Beaudoin, S. P., Purdue University

A large percentage of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) in the drug development pipeline demonstrate poor aqueous solubility as crystalline solid forms. This poses a problem for oral therapeutics due to decreased bioavailability. Utilizing the amorphous form of the drug rather than the crystalline form is an effective method to alleviate solubility issues, due to its greater overall free energy. Much emphasis has been placed on methods to stabilize the inherently unstable amorphous form and prevent crystallization. One such method utilizes polymers to act as a mechanical barrier, occupying growth sites. The effectiveness of this method, however, varies for each polymer-drug combination.

In this work, we study inhibition of crystal growth of the drug felodipine in solution using a variety of polymers. Using atomic force microscopy (AFM), we can determine the fractional surface coverage as well as the conformation of adsorbed polymers on crystalline felodipine. These results reveal insights into the mechanisms by which polymers can effectively inhibit crystal growth, as well as elucidate important polymer properties that impact their effectiveness