(539c) Novel Composite Nanofiltration Membrane with Solvent Resistance Using Monomers of 1,2,4,5-Benzene Tetracarbonyl Chloride and Amines
AIChE Annual Meeting
Wednesday, November 11, 2015 - 1:20pm to 1:45pm
Novel composite nanofiltration
membrane with solvent resistance using monomers of 1,2,4,5-benzene
tetracarbonyl chloride and amines
Yuyan Hai, Jinli
Zhang, Wei Li*
(Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology MOE, School of Chemical
Engineering & Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China.
Nanofiltration (NF) has attracted more attention in
the field of drinking water production and wastewater treatment, in particular,
for removing pharmaceutical residues with low molecular weight in the range of
200-400 from organic solvents [1, 2]. However, it is still a challenge to
manufacture solvent resistant NF membranes that can be substantially used to
separate pharmaceutical residues from organic solvents.
chloride (BTC), synthesized by pyromellitic dianhydride, is a cheap monomer to occur the interfacial
polymerization with m-phenylene diamine
(MPD) . To prepare a NF membrane with high flux and good rejection towards
small organic molecules, here we reported a method to prepare novel polyamide
thin film composite NF membrane on polyetherimide
supports via interfacial polymerization of BTC and a layer of amine-containing
(a) shows the separation performance of two NF membranes (M1 and M2) for the
aqueous glucose solution. M1 is the NF membrane synthesized by BTC and MPD, and
M2 is the novel NF membrane synthesized by BTC and a layer of amine-containing
network. Both M1 and M2 have good resistance to acetone. At an operating
pressure of 1.0 MPa, the M1 exhibits a glucose
rejection of 90% at a flux of 25 L m-2 h-1, while the M2
exhibits a glucose rejection of 98% at a flux of 52 L m-2 h-1.
Fig.1 (b) shows the rejection of M1 and M2 for the aqueous inorganic salts
solution. The rejection of M2 is a little higher than that of M1, with the
rejection decreasing in the order: Na2SO4 (86%) > MgSO4
(82%) > MgCl2 (80%) > NaCl (29%).
The interaction mechanism between BTC and the layer of amine-containing network
is studied deeply to disclose the reason that such NF membranes have good
solvent resistance, in combination with the characterizations of attenuated
total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR), X-ray photoelectron
spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy
(AFM), contact angle, zeta potentials and solvent resistance assessment, etc.
(a) Flux and rejection
of M1 and M2 for the aqueous glucose solution at 1.0 MPa.
(b) Rejection of M1 and M2 for the aqueous inorganic salts solution at 1.0 MPa.
work was supported by National High-tech R&D Program of China
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and S. Y. Jasim, Development of novel charged surface
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drinking water sources, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2014, 2,
Ludmila Peeva, Joao da
Silva Burgal, Irina Valtcheva,
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ingredients using multistage organic solvent nanofiltration
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2014, 116, 183-194.
Jinli Zhang, Yuyan Hai, Yi Zuo, Qian
Jiang, Chang Shi, Wei Li, Novel diamine-modified
composite nanofiltration membranes with chlorine
resistance using monomers of 1,2,4,5-benzene tetracarbonyl
chloride and m-phenylenediamine, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2015, 3, 8816-8824.