(493c) GDH to Adh: Complete Redesign of Glucose Dehydrogenase to Alcohol Dehydrogenase | AIChE

(493c) GDH to Adh: Complete Redesign of Glucose Dehydrogenase to Alcohol Dehydrogenase


Stahl, L. - Presenter, University of Stuttgart
Bommarius, B. - Presenter, Georgia Institute of Technology
Bommarius, A. S. - Presenter, Georgia Institute of Technology
Pleiss, J. - Presenter, University of Stuttgart

Biocatalysts are increasingly used in industry to create enantiomerically

pure compounds; routes employing dehydrogenases have been especially

successful. Glucose dehydrogenase belongs to the extensive superfamily

of SDRs (short chain dehydrogenase/reductase) and is currently a favored

enzyme for cofactor regeneration. Glucose is its only substrate at a

reasonable rate and the reaction is favored towards oxidation of glucose.

A thermostable glucose dehydrogenase, previously developed at GeorgiaTech, was submitted to several rounds of site-directed mutagenesis, supported by database analysis and structure-guided design, to create an alcohol dehydrogenase based on a glucose dehydrogenase scaffold with a markedly changed substrate specificity. Key to the identification of the necessary amino acid hot spots within the sequence was a bioinformatics approach that involved an extensive data base analysis of existing SDRs

using specific algorithms.  The resulting 3-4 amino acid exchanges led to

a complete change of substrate specificity away from glucose but

respectable activity towards substrates such as cyclopentanol and

1,3-cyclohexandiol. By achieving the goal of de novo design of a glucose

dehydrogenase, we demonstrate the successful implementation of

bioinformatic tools and modeling that can accelerate development of novel

substrate specificity in an otherwise limited enzyme system.