(384a) 2D Zeolite Coatings: Langmuir Schaefer Deposition of 3nm Thick MFI Zeolite Nanosheets | AIChE

(384a) 2D Zeolite Coatings: Langmuir Schaefer Deposition of 3nm Thick MFI Zeolite Nanosheets


Shete, M. - Presenter, University of Minnesota
Rangnekar, N. - Presenter, University of Minnesota
Tsapatsis, M. - Presenter, University of Minnesota

2D Zeolite Coatings: Langmuir Schaefer
Deposition of 3 nm Thick MFI Zeolite Nanosheets

Meera Shete1,
Neel Rangnekar1, Benjamin Stottrup2, Michael Tsapatsis1

1Department of
Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota,
Minneapolis, Minnesota

2Department of
Physics, Augsburg College, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Two-dimensional zeolites
are nanosheets that have thickness comparable to the unit-cell dimensions of the
corresponding structure type.1 Typically,
their thickness is in the range of few nanometers while the lateral dimensions
are in the range of few hundred nanometers, thus imparting them with a high
aspect ratio. This characteristic opens up exciting opportunities for
traditional uses in catalysis and separations and holds promise for emerging
applications of zeolite thin films as membranes, low dielectric constant
materials and anti- corrosion coatings.

Fabrication of thin films
of 2D zeolites relies on 1) the availability of stable zeolite suspensions that
are free of amorphous and non-exfoliated contaminants and 2) development of
deposition techniques by which zeolite nanosheets can be transferred to various
supports to form thin-oriented coatings. We synthesized stable suspensions of
1.5 unit cell thick (3 nm) MFI zeolite nanosheets in octanol by exfoliating
layered MFI zeolite2 using
a polymer-melt compounding technique followed by purification using density
gradient centrifugation.3,4
Suspensions in octanol were used to form nanosheet deposits on porous supports
by filtration. Deposition by filtration is limited only to porous supports.
Moreover it is not possible to obtain monolayer coatings using the filtration

To overcome this
limitation, we investigated the application of Langmuir Schaefer deposition
technique for the fabrication of MFI nanosheet coatings.5
Stable suspensions of MFI nanosheets were prepared in ethanol following an acid
treatment procedure, which partially removed the associated structure directing
agent. Nanosheets in ethanol demonstrated high surface activity and could be
dispersed at the air-water interface to form a monolayer. This monolayer could
then be transferred to silicon wafers using the Langmuir Schaefer deposition
technique to form coatings with different extent of packing from sparsely
packed to close packed. A control over coating thickness was obtained using a
layer-by-layer deposition technique. In-plane X-ray diffraction (XRD) of the
MFI coatings confirmed contraction of the nanosheets after calcination. The
monolayer coatings were intergrown using different methods of secondary growth.
Preferentially oriented, intergrown thin films of MFI with different
microstructures were obtained which had sub-12 nm thickness in certain cases.
In-plane XRD of the intergrown MFI films did not show any contraction after
calcination, indicating that the films were well intergrown and strongly
attached to the substrate.

The precise control over
the thickness and orientation of the zeolite films opens new opportunities to
investigate their transport, adsorption, dielectric and mechanical properties
with greater accuracy.

(1)      Tsapatsis, M. AIChE J. 2014, 60, 2374?2381.

(2)      Choi, M.; Na, K.;
Kim, J.; Sakamoto, Y.; Terasaki, O.; Ryoo, R. Nature 2009, 461,

(3)      Varoon, K.; Zhang,
X.; Elyassi, B.; Brewer, D. D.; Gettel, M.; Kumar, S.; Lee, J. A.; Maheshwari,
S.; Mittal, A.; Sung, C.-Y.; Cococcioni, M.; Francis, L. F.; McCormick, A. V;
Mkhoyan, K. A.; Tsapatsis, M. Science 2011, 334, 72?75.

(4)      Agrawal, K. V.;
Topuz, B.; Jiang, Z.; Nguenkam, K.; Elyassi, B.; Francis, L. F.; Tsapatsis, M. AIChE
2013, 59, 3458?3467.

(5)      Rangnekar, N.;
Shete, M.; Agrawal, K. V.; Topuz, B.; Kumar, P.; Guo, Q.; Ismail, I.; Alyoubi,
A.; Basahel, S.; Narasimharao, K.; Macosko, C. W.; Mkhoyan, K. A.; Al-Thabaiti,
S.; Stottrup, B.; Tsapatsis, M. Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. In Press 2015
(DOI: 10.1002/anie.201411791).