(326a) Integration of Wind and Solar Energy within Continental Biorefinery Supply Network | AIChE

(326a) Integration of Wind and Solar Energy within Continental Biorefinery Supply Network


Cucek, L. - Presenter, University of Maribor, Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Martín, M. - Presenter, University of Salamanca
Kravanja, Z. - Presenter, University of Maribor

Global primary energy consumption and production is increasing for almost all fuel types especially in the emerging economies (BP, 2014). However, humankind is gradually exhausting fossil fuels even when some new discoveries are reported. Thus, people are going to have to depend on non-fossil energy sources in the future. A recent forecast including conventional and unconventional sources of oil and gas (Mohr et al., 2015) predicts that peaks of fossil fuels will occur during twenty-first century. Energy conservation, energy efficiency and renewable energy are amongst opportunities to deal with the issues of depleting non-renewable sources and progressing towards sustainability (Čuček et al., 2015). There are several incentives, plans and targets regarding substitution of fossil fuels over the next decades in various regions and countries. Among promising technologies there are those using solar radiance, wind and biomass (Davis and Martín, 2014).

In this contribution, the biorefinery supply network applied to the European continent involving lignocellulosic biomass, algae, cooking oil and grains for the production of bioethanol, biodiesel, (FAEE and FAME), FT liquids, hydrogen and food (Čuček et al., 2014) is extended to integrate wind and solar energy. Several technologies are integrated such as renewable power production from photovoltaic panels (Vujanović et al., 2014) and concentrated solar energy plants (Martín and Martín, 2013), and synthetic methane from exhaust CO2and water electrolysis using renewable power (Davis and Martín, 2014). Continental biorefinery network thus becomes continental renewable energy-based supply network. Several scenarios are considered regarding targets of renewables in the energy mix based on the European perspectives over the following decades and regarding available area for renewables. The obtained results show where to exploit specific energy sources and to allocate the appropriate technologies within the regions, countries and/or continents.


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