(127d) Supported PdAu Catalysts for the Selective Reduction of Unsaturated Carbon-Carbon Bonds in the Presence of Aromatic Rings

Authors: 
Schwartz, T. J., University of Wisconsin-Madison
Lyman, S. D., University of Wisconsin - Madison
Motagamwala, A. H., University of Michigan
Dumesic, J., University of Wisconsin-Madison

Title: Supported PdAu Catalysts for the
Selective Reduction of Unsaturated Carbon-Carbon Bonds in the Presence of
Aromatic Rings

Thomas J. Schwartz, Spencer D. Lyman, Ali Hussain Motagamwala, James
A. Dumesic

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University
of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706

Abstract:

A promising strategy for the production of biorenewable chemicals from
biomass uses heterogeneous catalysts to upgrade biologically-derived platform intermediates.1  One
such platform is the class of 2-pyrones produced by polyketide biosynthesis.2  In the present work, we show that the
2-pyrone 4-hydroxycoumarin (4HC) can be used as a starting material for the
synthesis of a variety of high-value chemicals, including pharmaceutical
building blocks, fragrances, and chemical intermediates.  These target molecules must retain the
aromatic ring present in 4HC (see Figure 1). 
Accordingly, this presentation will focus on the design of catalysts for
the selective reduction of unsaturated carbon-carbon bonds in the presence of
aromatic groups.

Figure 1. Conversion of 4-hydroxycoumarin (4HC) to 4-hydroxydihydrocoumarin (4HDHC), coumarin,
and dihydrocoumarin (DHC).  The conversion of
lactones, such as coumarin and DHC, to their
corresponding lactams has been reported in the literature.3

Supported palladium catalysts are
effective for the hydrogenation of 4HC. 
Selectivities of 88% to 4HDHC and 6% to DHC at 74% 4HC conversion were
obtained using a 2 wt% Pd/SiO2 catalyst.  However, in
situ
attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR)
spectroscopy performed in a specially configured batch reactor reveals that, at
high conversions, monometallic Pd catalysts partially reduce the aromatic ring
in 4HC.  The rate of over-hydrogenation
is dependent on the size of the Pd nanoparticles.  Notably, 10-15 nm Pd particles are more
active for over-hydrogenation than are 2 nm Pd particles.  In contrast, the application of a bimetallic PdAu/SiO2 catalyst leads to 97% selectivity to
4HDHC and 3% selectivity to DHC at 63% 4HC conversion.  Over-hydrogenated products were not detected when
using this catalyst.  Furthermore, the
selective production of DHC can be achieved using a bifunctional PdAu/SiO2-Al2O3
catalyst containing both metal and Brønsted
acid sites.

1.      
Schwartz,
T.J.; O'Neill, B.J.; Shanks, B.H.; Dumesic, J.A. ACS Catal. 2014, 4, 2060.

2.      
Chia,
M.; Schwartz, T.J.; Shanks, B.H.; Dumesic, J.A. Green Chem.2012, 14,
1850.

3.      
Ito,
M.; Ooshida, T. Japanese Patent JP4164603B2.