(600k) Mechanism and Reaction Kinetics for Hydrotreatment of PALM OIL for Greendiesel Production

Authors: 
Vélez, F., Universidad Nacional de Colombia – Sede Medellín, Facultad de Minas, Bioprocesos y Flujos reactivos
Sakashita, K., OFFICE OF KS PROCESSTECH
Molina, A., Universidad Nacional de Colombia – Sede Medellín, Facultad de Minas, Bioprocesos y Flujos reactivos






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2014-05-09T20:31:00Z
2014-05-12T21:39:00Z
2014-05-12T21:39:00Z
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juanfelipevelezmanco@gmail.com@www.mendeley.com
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normal"> "Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>MECHANISM AND KINETICS REACTION
HYDROTREATMENT OF PALM OIL FOR GREENDIESEL PRODUCTION

J.F.
Vélez1, K. Sakashita1, 2, S. Asaoka1, 3,
A.
Ishihara1, 4, D. López5, G. Hincapié5, J.D.
Tapia5, A. Molina1*

font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1Universidad
Nacional de Colombia-Sede Medellín,
normal">
Facultad
de Minas,
Bioprocesos y Flujos
reactivos

12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>2 mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>Office of Ks Processtech,
9-41-2101, Shinonome 1-chome, Kouto-ku,
Tokyo, 135-0062, Japan

12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>3 mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>Office Asaoka, 1-23-1, Konandai, Konan-ku, Yokohama,
234-0054, Japan

mso-fareast-language:EN-US">4 EN-US"> Division of Chemistry for Materials, Graduate School of Engineering,
Mie University, Mie Pref., Japan

mso-fareast-language:EN-US">

font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>5Química de
Recursos Energéticos y Medio Ambiente, Instituto de Química, Universidad de
Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia

EN-US">*Corresponding author: amolinao@unal.edu.co

background:white">

mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>Experiments for the hydrotreatment
of Refined, Bleached and Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) were carried out in a
batch reactor at temperatures varying from 335°C to 365°C and pressures in the
range of 30 bar to 60 bar. Hydrotreatment
transforms vegetable oils, in this case RBDPO, into a zero-sulfur liquid with
properties that resemble those of diesel fuel. In a hydrotreatment
reactor, high-pressure addition of hydrogen reduces the size
of the triglycerides molecules through deoxy and decarbonate hydrocracking. The experiments to
determine the HVO kinetics involved a commercial catalyst. The catalyst presulfurization for activation and stabilization was
carried out ex situ in a continuous fixed bed reactor. DMDS was entrained by a
nitrogen flow at 400°C to guarantee, due to the decomposition of DMDS, that the
catalyst was exposed to H2S for 9 hours. The activated catalyst was
then used in a batch reactor to carry out the hydrotreatment
reaction. The liquid products formed through the reaction (mainly fatty acids
and hydrocarbons) were analyzed by means of a GC-MS and the gaseous products
were characterized with a micro GC. The sample of RBDPO was obtained from a local
palm oil company and was mainly composed of oleic (38.8 %w), palmitic (34.6 %w), linoleic (13.1 %w) and stearic (8.1 %w)
triglycerides. The analysis of the products showed the presence of hydrocarbons
varying from 13 to 20 carbon atom; palmitic, oleic
and steric acids and di and monoglycerides. Conversion
of the RBDPO was higher than 50% for all the experiments. A mechanism that
considers the conversion of triglycerides to mono-glycerides and carboxylic
acids and the subsequent hydrodeoxygenated to form
hydrocarbons was proposed, as well as kinetic expressions for the reactions in
the mechanism following a constrained optimization procedure.

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