(36d) Purification of Plasminogen from Blood Sources Using Affinity Membranes
Plasmin is protein of the fibrinolityc system, obtained by activation of plasminogen, which is of interest for ophthalmology applications. It can be used as a treatment for diabetic rethinopaty, macular pukers, but also as a facilitator for vitreoctomy since it has the properties to hydrolize a variety of glycoproteins, including laminin and fibronectin, by degrading the links between these components of the vitreoretinal interface and the inner limiting membrane.
The purification of plasminogen from blood is conventionally performed with bead-based affinity chromatography, by exploiting the affinity between plasminogen and L-lysine. However, due to its low concentration, which is about 0.2 g/L in human blood, with a single step affinity purification from serum or plasma it is not possible to obtain high levels of purity and a sufficient amount of protein.
In this work we propose an alternative two stage purification process which includes a precipitation stage before the affinity chromatography which is performed with lysine affinity membranes. Different precipitation methods have been investigated and a simple procedure inspired by the Cohn method has been optimized and successfully implemented.
The affinity membranes were obtained by immobilization of L-lysine on regenerated cellulose membrane supports and characterized in terms of ligand density, binding capacity and selectivity. The effect of operating parameters like flow rate and feed concentration have been investigated in detail. The comparison with a chromatography column packed with a commercial lysine affinity beads demonstrated the superior performance of the affinity membranes and the feasibility of the proposed process.
This work was financially supported by MIUR, Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (PRIN 2008) and by the University of Bologna, Italy.