(21h) The Fundamentals of Charge Transport at Nanoscale Oxide and Ferroelectric Interfaces

Authors: 
Kraya, R., Johns Hopkins University
Kraya, L., Princeton University

Here we investigate how charge transport properties at metal-semiconductor interfaces scale down to the nanoscale regime, comparing the properties to macroscopic interfaces and providing a perspective on what it means to device manufacturing. Strontium titanate - the prototypical oxide material - has been widely studied for applications in thermoelectrics, nanoelectronics, catalysis, and other uses, and behaves as an n-type semiconductor when doped. We investigated how charge transport is effected at interfaces to stronitium titanate under a wide range of conditions - by varying contact size, interface shape, dopant concentration, and surface structure and in various combinations. The results of the analysis have wide ranging implications, especially for ferroelectric oxide materials and serves as the basis for understanding and controlling switching effects - both polarization and oxygen migration based switching.