(74d) Advanced Zeolite Membrane-Enabled Air Dehumidification and Conditioning Technologies for Buildings
AIChE Annual Meeting
2013 AIChE Annual Meeting
Topical Conference: Innovations of Green Process Engineering for Sustainable Energy and Environment
Plenary Session of Green Process and Product Engineering (Invited Talks)
Monday, November 4, 2013 - 9:45am to 10:10am
Air conditioning in buildings consumes a large amount of electricity globally, which presents significant application opportunities for advanced water-selective membranes. The energy saving values are worth tens of billions $/year. Energy efficiency of the conventional vapor compression cooling is low in warm and humid climates due to water condensation. Greater than 50% energy efficiency may be achieved by removing moisture through a membrane without changing air temperature and pressure. The membrane dehumidifier also enables evaporative cooling with even higher efficiency and sustainable water. In addition, a membrane can be used to build a mass and heat transfer device for enthalpy recovery of ventilation, i.e., recovery of both latent and sensible energies.
The critical requirements for these applications are a low-cost membrane with high moisture permeance in addition to adequate H2O/air selectivity. Therefore, thin-sheet zeolite membranes are developed in this work by deposition of the NaA-type zeolite membrane film on a robust, 50µm-thick porous metal support sheet. In this presentation, air dehumidification performances of the resulting zeolite membrane are compared to other existing and new membrane materials, such as polymeric membranes, ionic liquids and other immobilized solutions, and graphene oxide. The moisture permeance and H2O/air selectivity measured under the same conditions differ dramatically among those membranes. More importantly, impacts of separation conditions (temperature, feed air humidity) on separation performances are highly dependent on specific membrane material, which can be explained by different separation mechanisms. Overall, the thin-sheet zeolite membrane exhibits the highest moisture permeance (~1×10-5 mol m-2 Pa-1s-1) among the membranes evaluated here and among the literature reports as well. The zeolite membrane also shows very desirable performance attributes for air dehumidification applications, such as increase of permeance and H2O/air selectivity with air dehumidify and stable performances over a range of temperature. The thin-sheet zeolite membrane is promising for dramatic (>50%) enhancement of building air conditioning energy efficiency without any environmental emissions.