(735d) Kinetic Model Study in a Photo-CREC Reactor for Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production | AIChE

(735d) Kinetic Model Study in a Photo-CREC Reactor for Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production


de Lasa, H. - Presenter, Western University
Escobedo, S. Jr., Western University
Serrano, B., Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas.

Kinetic Model Study in a Photo-CREC Reactor for Photocatalytic
Hydrogen Production

Escobedoa, Benito Serranob,
Hugo de Lasaa,*

a Western University,
London, N6A 3K7, Canada

b Universidad Autonoma de
Zacatecas, Zacatecas, 98000, Mexico



A new type of photocatalysts have been studied in different
photocell configurations and showed one of the best alternatives to generate
environmental-friendly hydrogen. The goal of this study is to demonstrate the
feasibility of photocatalytic water splitting for hydrogen production through a
Photo-CREC reactor, using a sacrificial agent, acid pH and an optimum modified platinum
loaded semiconductor of DP25 (TiO2) [1]. It is also the
objective of this study to analyze the byproducts and the kinetic modeling of this
photochemical reaction process [2].


A modified platinum Degussa P25 (TiO2) was
impregnated by incipient wetness impregnation method. This step was followed by
calcinations and reduction. A 2.73 eV reduced band gap was observed for the
modified semiconductor [1] (see Figure 1). The optimum pH and platinum impregnated
photocatalyst were studied in a Photo-CREC-Water II (see Figure 2). A kinetic modeling
study is represented by the photocatalytic formation of hydrogen, addressing the
reaction network of ethanol diluted in water (see Figure 3).


Figure 1. Schematic representation of the
band gap shifting by the use of an optimum modified photocatalyst of DP25-1 wt%
Pt [1]

Results and Discussion

Impregnation of Pt on TiO2
leads to enhanced particle size distribution with reduction of particle
agglomeration, with better distribution of charges on the semiconductor [1]. On
the other hand, it is shown that Pt did not affect the anatase and rutile
phases as well as the specific surface area of the DP25. Figure 2 reports
hydrogen production rates as a function of contact time under free oxygen
conditions and pH equals to 4. Runs were developed with excess of Ethanol as OH?
scavenger reagent. Hydrogen free of oxygen was produced in all cases with 1wt% Pt on Degussa
P25 yielding the best hydrogen production rates (see Table 1).Moreover, it is proven that Ethanol helps averting h+ and e- recombination, with the highest 7.86% quantum yields [3] obtained
between 1-6 hours of irradiation [1].


Figure 2. Hydrogen Production under pH=4,
Ethanol 2%v/v and Atmosphere of Argon.

Table 1 Reaction
Rate at different Loading of Pt on TiO2 and pH=4


Reaction rate a

(mol h-1 gcat-1)

Quantum Yield (% φ)

H2 Production




DP25 0.06wt% Pt



DP25 0.1wt% Pt



DP25 0.2wt% Pt



DP25 1wt% Pt



a. Reaction conditions: 298
K, 1 atm.

The results of photocatalytic hydrogen production came
along with useful hydrocarbons and CO2. The study of those hydrocarbons
and CO2 as byproducts is essential on this photochemical reaction system
to understand the reaction network suggested by the authors (see Figure 3),

H2-reaction network.jpg

. Reaction network for kinetic modelling study

The main assumptions of the proposed heterogeneous kinetic model are stated
as a system of differential equations. This valuable approach is used to establish
the kinetic model of the reaction network presented above.

The kinetic model adopted in this study includes the Langmuir-Hinshelwood approach.
The results of the kinetic model include the kinetic constants and the adsorption
constants involved in the generation of hydrogen, the by-products and the intermediate


1. S. Escobedo, B. Serrano and H.
de Lasa, Appl. Catal. B: Environ. accepted April (2013)

2. H. de Lasa, B. Serrano and M. Salaices,
?Photocatalytic Reactor Engineering?,
Springer Science (2005), pp 187; ISBN 0-387-23450-0

3. B. Serrano, A. Ortiz, J.
Moreira and H. de Lasa, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.48 (2009) 9864