(722g) Dendritic Au/TiO2 Nanorod Arrays for Visible-Light Driven Photoeletrochemical Water Splitting
In this talk, I will describe the rational design and synthesis of TiO2 branched nanorod arrays (TiO2 BNRs) with plasmonic Au nanoparticles attached on the surface. Such Au/TiO2 BNR composites exhibit high photocatalytic activity in photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. The unique structure of Au/TiO2 BNRs shows enhanced activity with a photocurrent of 0.125 mA/cm2 under visible light (≥420 nm) and 2.25 mA/cm2 under AM 1.5 G illumination (100 mW/cm2), which is significantly higher and comparable to the highest value ever reported. Furthermore, the Au/TiO2 BNRs achieve the highest efficiency of ~1.27% at a low bias of 0.42 V vs RHE, indicating elevated charge separation and transportation efficiencies. The superior PEC performance is mainly due to the plasmonic effect of Au nanoparticles, which enhances the visible light absorption, together with the large surface area, efficient charge separation and high carrier mobility of the TiO2 BNRs. The carrier density of Au/TiO2 BNRs is nearly 6 times higher than the pristine TiO2 BNRs as calculated by the Mott-Schokkty plot. Based on the analysis of UV-Vis spectroscopy, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and photoluminescence, a mechanism was proposed to explain the high activity of Au/TiO2 BNRs in PEC water splitting. The capability of synthesizing highly visible light active Au/TiO2 BNR based photocatalyst are useful for solar conversion applications, such as PEC water splitting, dye-sensitized solar cells and photovoltaic devices.