(69f) Synthesis and High Temperature Thermoelectric Characterization of YCo1-XRhxO3 (0 ? x ? 1.0)
AIChE Annual Meeting
Monday, November 4, 2013 - 10:00am to 10:18am
Polycrystalline samples of YCo1-xRhxO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) were synthesized by solid state reaction, and found to be phase pure (with the exception of a minute amount of Y2O3) by x-ray diffraction. Co containing compositions required reaction in O2 at 925 or 1000 oC while YRhO3 required reaction in an evacuated quartz ampoule at 1100 oC. All compositions were shared the same distorted perovskite crystal structure, space group Pbnm. A linear relationship between Rh content and unit cell volume (calculated via Lebail fit) was found, confirming direct substitution of Rh for Co. Electrical resistivity, thermal diffusivity (converted to conductivity utilizing experimental density and published LaCoO3 heat capacity), and Seebeck coefficient were measured from 450 – 750 K. All compositions exhibited semiconductor-like behavior over the temperature range tested. Conduction was facilitated either by mixed valence state of Co/Rh or by excitation of Co3+ from LS to HS. The activation energy of polaron conduction was found to increase near 600 K in all compositions besides YRhO3, corresponding with a distortion of the lattice induced by the Co3+ spin state transition. In the high temperature limit, the Seebeck coefficient was shown to increase with Rh substitution, implying a stabilization of LS Co3+. Thermal conductivity was found to be almost exclusively due to lattice vibrations, and the enhanced phonon scattering ability of air voids is thought to be the reason for decreased thermal conductivity compared to previous studies on YCoO3 of less porosity. A maximum ZT of 0.085 was achieved with x = 0.3 and x = 0.7 at 750 K, and is linearly increasing with temperature at that point.
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