(583de) Hydrotreating of Jatropha Oil to Hydrocarbons On Al2O3 Supported NiMo Catalysts
AIChE Annual Meeting
2013 AIChE Annual Meeting
Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Division
Poster Session: Catalysis and Reaction Engineering (CRE) Division
Wednesday, November 6, 2013 - 6:00pm to 8:00pm
Three kinds of Al2O3 (acidic Al2O3 (pH = 4.5±0.5 in 10% water suspension), neutral Al2O3 (pH = 7.5±0.5 in 10% water suspension) and basic Al2O3 (pH = 9.5±0.5 in 10% water suspension)) were used as supports in the catalytic hydrogenation of Jatropha oil to produce hydrocarbons. The supported NiMo on these supports (4wt % Ni, 12wt % Mo) were prepared by wet co-impregnation of aqueous solutions of (NH4)6Mo7O24 and Ni(NO3)2. Elemental analysis of Ni and Mo were determined by X-Ray Fluorescence (S4 Pioneer, Bruker). The specific surface area and pore size of the catalysts were determined by N2 adsorption and desorption isotherms using Micromeritics TriStar 3000. The NH3-TPD (ammonia temperature programmed desorption) experiments were carried out using a Chemisorption Physisorption Analyzer (AMI-300, Altamira Instruments) to measure the acid sites in catalysts. The organic liquid products were qualitatively determined using an Agilent 5795 gas chromatography/massspectrometry (GC/MS). A gas chromatographs (Agilent 7890A), equipped with an FID (flame ionization detector) and a commercially column (PONA, 50 m × 0.20 mm × 0.5μm) was used to analyze the hydrocarbons in the organic liquid phase.
The pore sizes of these three aluminum oxides are all in the range of 3-4 nm and the surface area are also the similar. The acid sites in these three catalysts are all weak and medium acid and no strong acid site. The total acid sites for the three catalysts were in the order: NiMo/Al2O3 (basic) < NiMo/Al2O3. (neutral) < NiMo/Al2O3 (acidic).
The hydrotreatment of Jatropha oil were conducted in a fixed-bed flow reactor at the temperature of 653 K, pressure of 3 MPa, LSHV (liquid hourly space velocity) = 3.8 h-1, and H2/oil ratio of 500 (v/v). Almost total conversion was obtained over all three catalysts and the products obtained were all hydrocarbons without any other product produced. The same ratio of C17/C18 and (C15+C17)/(C16+C18) shows that the oxygen removal was through the same pathways with decarboxylation, decarbonylation and hydrodeoxygenation. However, the different of acid nature in the three catalysts influence the secondary reaction especially the cracking reaction on the product distribution. For the Al2O3 (basic) which showed alkaline as support, the lowest acidity was detected in NiMo/Al2O3 (basic) catalyst and the highest of organic liquid yield (93 %) and selectivity to C16-C18 hydrocarbons (89.7 %) and the lowest of selectivity to C4-C8 hydrocarbons (1.5 %) were obtained. While for the Al2O3 (acidic) showing acidic supported NiMo with the highest total acid sites, the lowest organic liquid yield (80.1 %), selectivity to C16-C18 hydrocarbons (83.2 %) and highest of selectivity to C4-C8 hydrocarbons (8.1 %) were obtained.
*Financial support from the National Natural Science Fund ofChina (90916022) is gratefully acknowledged.
*Corresponding author. Tel & Fax:+86-22-27892340, E-mail:email@example.com (Q. Wang)