(542f) Low-Temperature Decomposition of Hydrous Hydrazine Over Ni-Fe-Cu Nano-Catalysts

Authors: 
Wolf, E. E. - Presenter, University of Notre Dame
Manukyan, K. V., University of Notre Dame
Cross, A., University of Notre Dame
Miller, J. T., Argonne National Laboratory



Low-temperature Decomposition
of Hydrous Hydrazine over Ni-Fe-Cu Nano-catalysts

Khachatur V. Manukyan1, Allison Cross1,
Jeff Miller2 and Eduardo E. Wolf 1*

1Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering,University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, 46556

2Chemical Sciences and Engineering
Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL,
60429

*ewolf@nd.edu   

Hydrous hydrazine (N2H4·H2O)
is considered a promising liquid hydrogen storage material owing to the high
content of hydrogen (8%) and the advantage of CO-free H2 produced. We
employ a simple, surfactant-free liquid-phase reduction of Cu, Ni and Fe salts
(e.g. nitrides, chlorides) to produce nanostructured FeNi/Cu materials for
hydrous hydrazine decomposition. Synthesis of nanomaterials includes reduction
of copper salt by N2H4, followed by rapid reduction of iron
and nickel salts by NaBH4. Produced nanoparticles were characterized
by XRD, BET, SEM/TEM, XPS, XANES/EXAFS techniques and tested for hydrous hydrazine decomposition at temperatures of
40-70oC. It is shown that the microstructures of resulting FeNi/Cu
materials depend on synthesis temperature and concentrations of salts in
solution. Experiments show that solely copper nanoparticles (10-20 nn),
produced in the first stage were not able to decompose hydrous hydrazine. The
FeNi alloy formed on Cu particles during the second reduction stage show
activity for decomposition of hydrous hydrazine even at 40oC. However,
decomposition products contain ammonia, nitrogen and hydrogen. The selectivity
to hydrogen is increased to ~100% with growth of temperature to 70oC.
The catalytic performance of these materials primarily depends on the structure
of NiFe layer, which may be controlled by simple changing of NiFe:Cu ratio.
Investigation of catalytic performance for bi- and tri-metallic materials show
that NiFe alloy could be responsible for selective decomposition of hydrous
hydrazine. However, the main active metal is nickel. Alloying of nickel with
iron coupled with favorable dispersion effect of copper nanoparticle remarkably
enhances the catalytic conversion and selectivity of hydrogen evolution.