(4cn) Effect of Conformation in Charge Transport for Semiflexible Polymers
AIChE Annual Meeting
Sunday, November 3, 2013 - 2:00pm to 4:00pm
Current models for the electronic properties of semiconducting conjugated polymers do not include the hierarchical connectivity between charge transport units that results from the physical makeup of the materials. Concepts like on-chain vs. interchain mobility anisotropy have been known for a long time, yet they must be artifically incorporated into simulations. Models that can achieve remarkable predictive power but provide limited physical insight when applied to this new class of materials are of limited use for the rational design of new conjugated polymers. Here we present a new model in which the morphology of individual polymer chains is determined by well-known statistical models and the electronic coupling between units along a polymer chain and on different molecules is described using Marcus theory. Combining knowledge from polymer physics and semiconducting materials into an analytical and computational model that realistically incorporates the structural and electronic properties of conjugated polymers, it is possible to explain observations that previously relied on phenomenological models. The multi-scale behavior of charges in these materials (high mobility at short scales, low mobility at long scales) can be naturally described with our framework. Additionally, the dependence of mobility with electric field and temperature is explained in terms of conformational fluctuations and correlations.