(483a) Design and Control of Coal to Synthesis Natural Gas Process | AIChE

(483a) Design and Control of Coal to Synthesis Natural Gas Process


Yu, B. Y. - Presenter, National Taiwan University
Li, M. L., National Taiwan University
Lee, P. H., National Taiwan University
Kao, Y. L., National Taiwan University
Wu, C. H., Tamkang University
Hsu, S. E., Tamkang University
Ward, J. D., National Taiwan University
Lee, H. Y., National Taiwan University of Science and Technology
Chen, Y. H. Sr., Tamkang University
Chien, I. L., National Taiwan University

Design and Control of Coal to Synthesis Natural Gas Process

Yu1, Ming-Lung Lee1, Po-Hsien
Lee1, Yu-Lung Kao1, Chung-Han Wu2, Shih-En Hsu2,
Jeffrey D. Ward1, Hao-Yeh Lee3,
Yih-Hang Chen2 and I-Lung Chien1

1. Department of Chemical Engineering,
National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan

2. Department of Chemical Engineering,
National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan

3. Department of Chemical and Material Engineering,
Tamkang University of Science and Technology, New Taipei
City 25137, Taiwan

In this work, the steady state optimized process and
the plantwide control structure of coal to synthesis
natural gas (SNG) are developed. Natural gas has become one of the most
important fuel candidates worldwide in pursuit of clean energy. In fact, above
90% of energy source in Taiwan, such as coal and natural gas, comes from
imports. Before transportation, natural gas needs to be liquefied. This liquefied
process results in a higher price of natural gas compared with that of coal. Therefore,
our goal of this work is to develop a process that SNG
can be produced from coal. The achievement of the goal is expected to be
helpful for the energy supply and the industries in Taiwan.

SNG, which can be produced from coal or biomass, is
mainly consisted of methane as well as other light hydrocarbons. It holds very
similar composition to typical natural gas, and can be used as a replacement of
natural gas in industries. The whole coal to SNG process can
be divided into following main sub-process: air separation unit (ASU), gasification,
sour water-gas shift reaction (SWGSR), acid gas removal (AGR), and methanation. Several key specifications for each
sub-systems are stated as follows: The ASU sub-system will supply high-purity
(>95 mol%) oxygen to gasifier.
In AGR sub-system, 99.6% H2S component and over 90% CO2 are captured
to reach the environmental regulation. In methanation
process, the conversion of CO is assumed to reach 98%.

each sub-process, steady state optimized designs are developed based on
minimizing energy consumption and then connected to a plantwide
process. An improved heat-integration strategy is also presented in this work. Compared
to the traditional pulverized coal (PC) power plant and integrating gasification
combined cycle (IGCC) power plant, the overall energy conversion efficiency of coal
to SNG process is higher.

After the steady state design, the
dynamic control structures for each sub-system are developed. All the product
specifications can be kept around the set point value under disturbances and
loading changes.