(466a) A Continuous Flow Grignard At Scale
- Conference: AIChE Annual Meeting
- Year: 2013
- Proceeding: 2013 AIChE Annual Meeting
- Group: Pharmaceutical Discovery, Development and Manufacturing Forum
- Time: Wednesday, November 6, 2013 - 12:30pm-12:55pm
Grignard reactions are common to pharmaceutical, fine and specialty chemical industries. These reactions are typically very exothermic with large adiabatic temperature rises, and are often water sensitive. Maintaining an inert atmosphere condition thus becomes critical throughout production, storage and use in order to maximize safety and yield.
To improve the overall safety and control of a Grignard reaction at production scale, a CSTR (Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor) was installed to improve inertion capability, and exotherm control, while maintaining cycle-time with a significantly reduced reactor size. This route of operation has the added advantage of minimizing excess magnesium needed, and allowing for magnesium run out at the end of the cycle, thus minimizing the overall excess magnesium metal that will need to be disposed of at the end of the process.
Results will be presented to demonstrate the technical challenges and successful scale-up of the Grignard step from the laboratory, through the pilot plant, and into full scale production.