(34c) Microchannel Electrophoresis Analysis of Amyloid Protein Aggregation

Hestekin, C. N., University of Arkansas
Pryor, E., University of Arkansas
Moss, M. A., University of South Carolina

Amyloids are involved in a variety of diseases including Alzheimer’s Disease and diabetes. A number of technical challenges exist for the quantitative analysis of the different sizes of amyloid proteins which are present during the early stages of aggregation, therefore requiring new technologies to be developed for enhanced protein separations. Microchannel electrophoretic techniques have emerged as powerful tools for the quantitative analysis of proteins. In this study, we investigated the ability of capillary and microchip electrophoresis to monitor the early stages of amyloid aggregation using amyloid beta (Aβ) and amylin as a model amyloid-forming proteins. For the Aβ protein, sample preparation effected the size of the initial starting material as well and the rate of protein aggregation.  In addition, electrophoretic conditions including the use of polymeric coating and separations matrices as well as aggregation conditions (agitation, salt, etc.) were determined to affect the rate of protein aggregation.