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(164g) Acetic Acid Esterification Kinetics With Methanol Catalyzed By Lewatit K1221

Authors: 
Van de Steene, E., Ghent University
Thybaut, J. W., Ghent University
De Clercq, J., Hogeschool Gent



Acetic acid esterification kinetics with
methanol catalyzed by Lewatit K1221

The
reaction kinetics of the liquid-phase esterification of acetic acid with
methanol to methyl acetate and water have been investigated using the acidic
ion-exchange resin Lewatit K1221 as catalyst. Ion exchange resins are
gaining popularity as catalyst for esterification as they are ecofriendly,
noncorrosive, heterogeneous and have a good stability and reusability. This polysterene-based
resin is crosslinked by divinylbenzene bridges. Due to this particular
structure, the resin exhibits a remarkable swelling phenomenon when contacted
with polar solvents, such as water and methanol. The effects of the resin swelling,
the initial reactant molar ratio (1:1 ? 10:1) and the temperature (303.15 ?
333.15 K) on the reaction kinetics were investigated. Rival kinetic models
accounting for the underlying phenomena with different degrees of detail, such
as a pseudo-homogeneous model (PH), adsorption based models c.q. Eley-Rideal
(ER) and Langmuir-Hinshelwood (LH) and an exchange based model, were used to
describe the reaction rate.

The
exchange based kinetic model, see Figure 1, accounting for all chemical
elementary steps as well as for solvent sorption and, hence, the resin's swelling
, was found to best describe the observed kinetics. According to the this model
(1) all active sites are occupied by methanol in protonated form, (2) acetic acid
undergoes a proton exchange with the protonated methanol and (3) the esterification
occurs through an Eley-Rideal mechanism with the surface reaction of protonated
acetic acid with methanol from the bulk as the rate-determining step. The activation
energy was determined at 45 kJ mol-1. While methyl acetate is only
very weakly bonded to the resin's acid sites, the ion-exchange equilibrium
coefficients for acetic acid and water respectively amount to 4.8 and 6.8, as
could be expected based on their polarity. 20130221_esterificatie_reactie_mechanisme.JPG

Figure 1:
Heterogeneous acid ion-exchange resin catalyzed reaction mechanism for the
esterification of acetic acid and methanol.

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