(145f) A Novel Chemical Pretreatment Method to Accelerate Bioconversion Rate of Renewable Feedstocks Conference: AIChE Annual MeetingYear: 2013Proceeding: 2013 AIChE Annual MeetingGroup: 2013 International Congress on Energy (ICE)Session: Recalcitrance of Woody Biomass Time: Monday, November 4, 2013 - 2:35pm-3:00pm Authors: Kang, Y., Georgia Institute of Technology Realff, M., Georgia Institute of Technology Bommarius, A. S., Georgia Institute of Technology Hoffman, C. Sohn, M. J., Georgia Institute of Technology Abstract Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant naturally renewable organic resource for biofuels production. Due to its recalcitrance to hydrolysis, pretreatment is a crucial step prior to enzymatic hydrolysis of the feedstock. A variety of pretreatment methods have been intensively studied to achieve optimal yield without imposing significant adverse impact on the environment. Herein, we present a novel and cost-effective chemical pretreatment method using substituted heterocycles in an environmentally friendly way. Methylimidazole is a precursor to some imidazolium-based ionic liquids. It can be used as a pretreatment agent at mild conditions, i.e. ambient temperature and pressure, for a very short period of time to obtain a substantial increase in the hydrolysis rate throughout the conversion of cellulose substrate. X-ray diffractometry was utilized to study the crystal structure of cellulose and a reduction in crystallinity index was observed, which can be a crucial contributor to the improvement of enzymatic degradation rate. Furthermore, recycling of methylimidazole is possible and we have tested the recyclability by reusing methylimidazole for up to four times without observing marked reduction in the initial 1-hour hydrolysis rate of cellulose. The pretreatment effectiveness of methylimidazole on both original and steam-exploded lignocellulosic biomass has been investigated. Improvement in initial hydrolysis rate was observed for both lignocellulosic substrates.