(134f) Carbon/Sulfur Microspheres With Multi-Modal Pore Structures for Lithium-Sulfur Battery Cathodes
- Conference: AIChE Annual Meeting
- Year: 2013
- Proceeding: 2013 AIChE Annual Meeting
- Group: Topical Conference: Nanomaterials for Energy Applications
- Time: Monday, November 4, 2013 - 1:45pm-2:00pm
Sulfur has received increasing attention as a cathode material for lithium-sulfur batteries due to its high theoretical specific capacity of 1675 mAh g-1, which is five times higher than that of conventional lithium-ion batteries. However, poor electronic conductivity of sulfur, dissolution of the lithium polysulfide intermediates and large volume expansion of sulfur during cycling limit the commercialization of Li-S batteries. In this work, we have demonstrated a cathode design with a novel structure made of multi-modal porous carbon microspheres. The tunable porous structure of sulfur-infiltrated carbon nanocomposites allows easy access to Li ion transport, inhibits loss of active sulfur material, and provides void space for sulfur expansion. An initial capacity of 1289 mAh g-1 at 1C and a Coulombic efficiency of 90% over 200 cycles are achieved.