(134f) Carbon/Sulfur Microspheres With Multi-Modal Pore Structures for Lithium-Sulfur Battery Cathodes

Authors: 
Li, Y., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Zhao, C., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Liu, L., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Zhao, H., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee



Sulfur has received increasing attention as a cathode material for lithium-sulfur batteries due to its high theoretical specific capacity of 1675 mAh g-1, which is five times higher than that of conventional lithium-ion batteries. However, poor electronic conductivity of sulfur, dissolution of the lithium polysulfide intermediates and large volume expansion of sulfur during cycling limit the commercialization of Li-S batteries. In this work, we have demonstrated a cathode design with a novel structure made of multi-modal porous carbon microspheres. The tunable porous structure of sulfur-infiltrated carbon nanocomposites allows easy access to Li ion transport, inhibits loss of active sulfur material, and provides void space for sulfur expansion.  An initial capacity of  1289 mAh g-1 at 1C and a Coulombic efficiency of  90% over 200 cycles are achieved.