(600cs) The Role of Pt On the Photoactivity of TiO2

Muhich, C. L., University of Colorado, Boulder
Zhou, Y., University of Colorado, Boulder
Weimer, A. W., University of Colorado at Boulder
Musgrave, C. B., University of Colorado, Boulder

It is well know that Pt can be utilized to enhance the photoactivity of TiO2. At low Pt loadings Pt increases the photodegredation rate, but the photoactivity decreases at higher Pt loadings. We have used periodic boundary condition density functional theory (DFT) to develop an understanding of the processes that cause the initial increase and subsequent decrease in photoactivity as the Pt coverage increases. We study O2’s interaction with a pure TiO2 surface and a Pt cluster on a TiO2 surface, as well as interactions of both simulated holes and excited electrons. Pt allows O2 to interact with the TiO2 surface by providing adsorption sites, which are rare on pure TiO2 surfaces. However, Pt clusters always act as electron hole recombination centers. The initial rise and subsequent fall in TiO2’s photoactivity with Pt loading results from the competition between enhanced electron scavenging due to increased O2 adsorption and increased electron-hole recombination.