(684d) Synthesis and Characterization of Tungsten Containing Ultra Large Pore Mesoporous Silicate KIT-6

Authors: 
Subramaniam, B., Center for Environmentally Beneficial Catalysis, University of Kansas
Maheswari, R., Anna University
Hanefeld, U., Delft University of Technology

Synthesis and characterization of tungsten containing ultra large pore mesoporous silicate KIT-6

Anand Ramanthana, Bala Subramaniama,  Rajamanickam Maheswarib and Ulf Hanefeldc

aCenter for Environmentally Beneficial Catalysis, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66047, USA

bDepartment of Chemistry, Anna University, Chennai – 600025, India

cGebouw voor Scheikunde, Technische Universiteit Delft, Julianalaan 136, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands

Tungsten was incorporated into ultra large pore mesoporous silicate, KIT-6[1], via hydrothermal synthesis method using a Pluronic P123 triblock copolymer as the structure directing agent and n-butanol as additive. Four W-KIT-6 samples with Si/W ratio of 200, 100, 40 and 20 were prepared. Calcined W-KIT-6 samples were characterized by XRD, elemental analysis, N2 sorption, HR-TEM, FTIR, DR-UV-Vis and NH3-TPD. Cubic Ia3d structure was confirmed by presence of 211 reflections around 0.9° (2θ) in Low angle XRD. The incorporation of tungsten is inferred by a slight decrease in unit cell parameter with tungsten content [2,3]. The presence of crystalline WO3 was observed in high angle XRD for samples with Si/W ratio £ 40. Elemental analysis measured by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) revealed that most of the tungsten in the synthesis gel was retained in to the KIT-6 silica matrix. W-KIT-6 samples showed a very high specific surface area of 780 – 930 m2/g with pore volume of 1.19 – 1.45 cm3/g and possessed a narrow pore size distribution of 6.4 – 6.7 nm. The BET surface area and pore volume decreased with increase in tungsten content. The presence of well-ordered cubic 3D mesopores of W-KIT-6 samples was seen by High resolution TEM studies. The average thickness of the wall is found to be 4–5 nm and the pore diameter is around 6-7 nm. This is in agreement with the results of the N2 adsorption study. The incorporation of tungsten was further evident by FTIR spectra which showed a band at 960 cm-1 [4] representative for Si-O-M linkages (M = heteroatom). An intense band at 216 nm observed in Diffuse reflectance UV-Vis spectra confirm this findings, which is due to ligand to-metal charge transfer in isolated [WO4] tetrahedral species [5] and is a direct proof for the framework incorporation of tungsten species in silica framework. Existence of partially polymerized W species in octahedral coordination with low nuclearity is also observed in these spectra. NH3-TPD study revealed presence of low-medium acid strength sites in these samples.

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