(585b) First Principle Insights Into the Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Ethanol Over Pt and PtMo Surfaces

Li, F., University of Virginia
Neurock, M., University of Virginia

First Principle Insights into the Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Ethanol over Pt and PtMo Surfaces


Fei Li and Matthew Neurock, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4741

The electrocatalytic oxidation of ethanol in proton exchange membrane fuel cells is of great interest. The oxidation of ethanol however is met with a number of challenges that result from activating the C-C bond. First-principle density functional theoretical calculations were carried out herein to investigate the oxidation of ethanol over Pt and different Pt-Mo alloy surfaces. The reaction energies and activation barriers for the main pathways involved in the complete oxidation to CO2 were calculated to establish potential energy profiles and possible rate-limiting steps. The sluggishness of the carbon-carbon (C-C) cleavage reaction and the oxidative removal of poisonous single carbon (C1) intermediates, especially CO, have been probed in detail. It was found that by alloying Pt with Mo, the O-H bond could be selectively activated. The oxidative removal of poisonous C1 intermediates is promoted by adding Mo to the surface as well as to the subsurface. The computational results were calculated for a range of different Pt-Mo alloy surface ensembles and compared with results reported in the literature [2, 3].

[1] Claude Lamy, Alexandre Lima, Journal of Power Sources, 105 (2002) 283-296

[2] D.M. Dos Anjos, K.B. Kokoh, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 36 (2006) 1391-1397

[3] A. Oliveira Neto, E.G. Franco, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 23 (2003) 2987-2992