(716g) Experimental Studies On Physical Properties of Nitrotriazolene (NTO), Triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB), Cyclotetramethylene-Tetranitramine(RDX), Hexanitrohexaazoisowurtzitane(CL-20), and Diamino-Nitroethylene(DADE)

Authors: 
Chakka, S. - Presenter, US ARMY ERDC-CERL
Boddu, V. M. - Presenter, United States Department of Agriculture
Viswanath, D. S. - Presenter, University of Missouri
Damavarapu, R. - Presenter, U.S. Army - Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center


Physicochemical properties such as melting point, boiling point, vapor pressure, aqueous solubility, and water-octanol coefficients are needed for explosives compounds to understand their potential dispersion and fate within the environment. The physical properties of five energetic materials were collected from literature, model predictions and were experimentally derived. The energetic materials considered during this study are nitrotriazolene (NTO), triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB), cyclotetramethylene-tetranitramine (HMX), Chinalake-20 (CL-20), and Diamino-Dinitroethylene (DADE). Experimental measurements of aqueous solubility, and water-octanol partition coefficients were conducted for these explosive compounds in the temperature range of 288 to 313 K. Also, Thermogravimetry and Differential Scanning Calorimetry were used to obtain melting point, boiling point and other enthalpy changes. The experimental results obtained were compared with available experimental literature values, and predicted values using EPI suite and the SPARC models.