(635a) The Combined Role of Thermodynamics and Kinetics in the Crystallization of Binary Superlattice Assemblies of Colloidal Particles | AIChE

(635a) The Combined Role of Thermodynamics and Kinetics in the Crystallization of Binary Superlattice Assemblies of Colloidal Particles


Scarlett, R. - Presenter, University of Pennsylvania
Ung, M. T. - Presenter, University of Pennsylvania
Crocker, J. C. - Presenter, University of Pennsylvania
Sinno, T. R. - Presenter, University of Pennsylvania

Colloidal self-assembly provides a potential avenue for the design of novel devices with unique optical and structural properties [1]. Colloidal systems also provide useful insights into fundamental mechanisms of phase transitions such as crystal nucleation [2], growth and melting that are otherwise difficult to probe in atomic systems. A promising approach for realizing highly tunable colloidal assembly is to graft single-stranded DNA oligomer brushes onto the surfaces of particles in order to create attractive interactions between them. Using this approach, micro- and nanoscale particles have now been successfully assembled into several crystalline phases, including ordered, binary superlattice structures, although the link between the oligomer sequence design, the experimental conditions (e.g. thermal annealing history), and the resulting structure and its defect content are not yet quantitatively established.

In this talk, we apply Monte Carlo simulations and free energy calculations (based on perturbation theory) to generate a detailed picture for the assembly binary superlattice crystals. The interparticle potential used to perform the calculations was generated specifically for DNA-mediated interactions and verified by direct optical tweezer measurements [3,4]. We develop a pseudo-phase diagram for the binary superlattice system which includes both thermodynamic and kinetic influences. The predictions of the pseudo-phase diagram are validated using direct simulations of crystal nucleation. We also make connections to recent experimental findings that have been difficult to understand [5]. Finally, we discuss recent findings related to diffusionless transformations in growing superlattice crystals that may be important in experiments aimed at growing these structures.

[1] J. D. Joannopoulos, R.D. Meade, and J.N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light. 1995, Princeton: Princeton University Press. [2] P.N. Pusey and W.v. Megen, Nature 320, 340 (1986) [3] A.J. Kim, P.L. Biancaniello, and J.C. Crocker, Langmuir. 22, 1991 (2006) [4] P.L. Biancaniello, A.J. Kim, and J.C. Crocker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 058302 (2005) [5] S. Y. Park, et al., Nature 451, 553 (2008).