(629d) Modeling ,Simulation and Control of Activated Sludge Process in Effluent Treatment Plant of Tropical Hardwood and Bamboo Based Kraft Paper Mill
AIChE Annual Meeting
2010 Annual Meeting
Forest and Plant Bioproducts Division
Biorefinery - Sustainability, Energy and Environmental Issues
Thursday, November 11, 2010 - 1:45pm to 2:10pm
Bamboo and tropical hardwoods are important raw materials in many Asian countries including Indian pulp and paper Industry. The effluent characteristics are quite different from those of softwood based industry. In this present investigation, detailed studies are made on the effluent characterization of these raw materials, models of the primary and secondary clarifiers, optimizing both process and design parameters and then simulating the effluent treatment plant (ETP) with the data stipulated by regulatory bodies such as state and central pollution control boards and ministry of environment and forests. The industry data are then compared with the data from simulations and the target values. The problem is further extended to control the entire ETP plant parameters to the desired values. In order to attain the above objective various multi-loop control strategies are attempted. As an example, application of ratio control for effluent flow and treatment chemicals in primary clarifier, discharge of effluent to streams and returned activated sludge flow and air to influent flow has been shown. Feed forward, feed back and cascade are also tried. Hybrid control strategy using PID feed back control for dissolved oxygen and feed forward control based on conductivity for nutrient addition has also been analyzed. Finally, system is designed and the responses are tested against those from the existing single loop (single input, single output) negative feedback or feed forward configuration. The results are found to be very promising.
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