(532c) Hemicellulose-Lignin Oligomers Dissolution Fundamentals in Hot Water Flowthrough Pretreatment of Cellulosic Biomass
AIChE Annual Meeting
Wednesday, November 10, 2010 - 4:05pm to 4:30pm
Hot water flowthrough pretreatment removes hemicellulose as well as lignin from the biomass providing a unique opportunity to examine the dynamic deconstruction pattern of various components of biomass, including lignin, hemicellose and their complex etc. Efficient hot water flowthrough pretreatment ensures high hemicellulose and lignin removal very high yield in sequential enzymatic hydrolysis that are vital to the economic viability of biomass conversion. More importantly, it is believed that dissolvement of higher molecular weight hemicellulose-lignin oligomers could play an important role in explaining why the performance of flowthrough systems differs from conventional batch approaches. In the presentation we will show results from a number of studies using flowthrough pretreatment of Miscanthus with hot water under varying temperature (160-220°C), time (0-120min), and flowrates (1-50mL/min) to understand the influence on lignin and hemicellulose removal into the hydrolyzate on further processing of the resulting pretreated biomass material. The dynamic characteristics of hemicellulose, lignin and their complex in the hydrolyzate during pretreatment, including compositions, structural features and solubility will be discussed. Finally we will present a model using kinetic data comparing conventional kinetic behavior versus that by dissolution and solubility limits with reaction and mass transfer effects. The model was further verified using an analog of a lignin-hemicellulose complex. Our model was found to be useful for providing insights into the thermochemical pretreatment mechanism.