(324c) Nucleation and Growth of Pd-Ag Bimetallic Catalyst On Anatase TiO2(101) Surface: A First-Principles DFT Study | AIChE

(324c) Nucleation and Growth of Pd-Ag Bimetallic Catalyst On Anatase TiO2(101) Surface: A First-Principles DFT Study


Han, Y. - Presenter, Tianjin University
Zhang, M. - Presenter, Texas A&M University
Xu, C. - Presenter, Tianjin University
Li, W. - Presenter, Tianjin University
Zhang, J. - Presenter, Tianjin University


Supported bimetallic
nanoparticles are important catalytic materials in chemical industry because of
their superior
chemical and physical properties in comparison to single metal clusters.
Especially, alloying group VIII metals with a group IB metal is generally known
to enhance the selectivity for various industrial processes. For example, in the reaction
of selective
hydrogenation of acetylene in ethylene-rich feedstock (which has a significant
impact on ethylene plant economics), TiO2-supported Pd-Ag
catalyst are widely accepted as a replacement of pure Pd/Al2O3 catalyst for its high ethylene
selectivity and reduction of green oil formation. Because the catalytic performance
has generally been attributed to geometric or electronic effects of the
catalysts, a detailed knowledge of the energetics and local atomic and electronic structures
of anatase TiO2-supported Pd-Ag bimetallic clusters is fundamental
to understand clearly the catalytic performance but also to design the
better catalysts.

In this work, first-principles
density functional theory studies have been carried out to investigate the
structural stabilities and electronic properties of supported Agn(n=1-5)
and PdmAgn(m+n = 2-5) bimetallic clusters as well as
their growth mechanism on both perfect and defective anatase TiO2(101)
surface. When Agn(n=1-5) deposited at the TiO2(101)
surface, the most stable configurations are similar to that of Pd [Zhang et al. J. Phys. Chem. C, 2008, 112, 19506]. But their growth mechanism is different.
Compared with Pd, the adsorbed Ag is easier to move on the TiO2
support and Ag clusters would be aggregated to large particles at high
temperatures. In addition, the adsorbed Ag atoms and clusters transferred
electrons not only to the perfect TiO2(101) surface but also to the
defective TiO2(101) surface, which may be caused by the low
electronegativity of Ag element. Because the interaction of Pd with TiO2(101)
surface is much stronger than that of Ag, Pd atoms take the advantage to occupy
the most active sites when the Pd-Ag bimetallic cluster deposited at both
perfect and defective TiO2 surface, indicating Pd is the nucleation
core for Pd-Ag nanoparticle growth on the TiO2 support. As the Ag%
increasing, the stability of the adsorbed Pd-Ag cluster at the TiO2
surface reduces and the supported Pd-Ag clusters prefer to aggregate because of
the mobility of Ag. The effect of Pd/Ag ratio on the electronic properties and
activities of Pd-Ag/TiO2 catalyst in the reaction of acetylene
selective hydrogenation was also discussed.