(394h) The Future of Biodiesel as a Viable Alternative Fuel: Challenges and Opportunities Conference: AIChE Annual MeetingYear: 2008Proceeding: 2008 AIChE Annual MeetingGroup: Fuels and Petrochemicals DivisionSession: Alternative Fuels and Enabling Technologies IV Time: Wednesday, November 19, 2008 - 10:18am-10:36am Authors: Ng, K. Y. S., Wayne State University Salley, S. O., Wayne State University Wilson, J., NextEnergy Tang, H., Wayne State University Abunasser, N. J., Wayne State University Kim, M., Wayne State University Biodiesel is experiencing the growing pain as a sustainable biofuel. The ?fuel vs. food? debate has an unfavorable impact on the biodiesel industry, since majority of biodiesel is produced using refined vegetable oil. In fact, the cost of soybean oil has increased significantly in the past year. This presentation will examine a number of technical, societal, and economic challenges facing the biodiesel industry. Opportunities to develop a truly sustainable and renewable diesel will be discussed.