(184e) Reactivity of Epitaxial Vanadia on TiO2: Are Support Interactions
AIChE Annual Meeting
Monday, November 17, 2008 - 4:33pm to 4:51pm
The reactivities of vanadium oxide epitaxial thin films were studied using temperature programmed desorption (TPD). The vanadia films were grown on rutile TiO2(110) using oxygen plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (OPA-MBE) and were shown to exhibit the (1x1) rutile structure using reflection high energy electron diffraction (RHEED), low energy electron diffraction (LEED). Meanwhile X-ray and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS and UPS) showed that monolayer films contained V5+ while V4+ predominated in the bulk of multilayer films. Two reaction channels at 400 K and above 500 K were detected for submonolayer coverages for 1-propanol oxidation to form propionaldehyde. The reaction channel at 400 K persists through multilayer films and thus is designated to the deprotonation of alkoxide intermediates attached to V5+ surface cations; meanwhile, a comparison of the vanadia coverage and the branching ratio between these two reaction channels suggests that the reaction above 500 K might involve alkoxides atop both V5+ and Ti4+. It is also found that the activation energy of the lower temperature channel is stable on the submonolayer film, independent of reduction and reoxidaton, while the activation energy starts to increase for the higher temperature channel upon reduction. The same lower temperature reaction channel at 400 K exists throughout multilayer films where the titania support is absent, indicating that multilayer epitaxial films retain reactivity, and that a direct chemical interaction with the support is not required for reactivity. Comparing the branching ratio of aldehyde desorption vs. alcohol desorption on films from submonolayer to multilayer, the fraction of the alcohol that dehydrogenates is higher for the submonolayer films. Together the results indicate that the TiO2 support increases the reactivity of vanadia by stabilizing reactive structures and by aiding the initial deprotonation of adsorbed alcohols.