Oil Shale and Oil Sands

Smith, P. J., University of Utah

With declining conventional oil resources of the world and a rise in the crude-oil prices, our attention is on the economical use of the vast resource of unconventional fossil-fuels, including oil shale and oil sands. Oil shale is commonly defined as a fine-grained sedimentary rock bound with organic matter that is mostly insoluble in organic solvents and will yield substantial amounts of oil by a thermal process. Oil sands are similar to conventional crude oil reservoirs except for the fact they contain extremely viscous crude oils. The objective of this session is to explore technical issues related to the production and processing of these unconventional oil resources.



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