(353f) Transport and Dispersion in Segmented Gas-Liquid Flow through a Forest of Micropillars

Authors: 
Günther, A., University of Toronto
Jensen, K. F., Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Fluid interfaces provide unique opportunities for micro and nanofluidic systems. Capillary numbers of the considered surface-tension dominated flows are generally smaller than 0.01 and the flows display a rich dynamic behavior, provide large interfacial areas and enhance scalar transport by creating secondary flows. These advantages allow, e.g., the controlled facilitation of highly exothermic gas-liquid and fluid-solid reactions in microchemical systems.

We discuss the interaction of multiphase flow with a 1000um wide, 150um deep and 700mm long microchannel network that is soft-lithographically patterned and populated with a regular forest of microfabricated pillars (diameter: 50um-100um, see Figures a,b). Our studies connect to fundamental work on flow in porous media and has applications in chromatography and catalysis. Gas-liquid flow patterns between pillars and their dynamics are determined in pulse-laser fluorescent micrographs and with microscale particle image velocimetry measurements. The presence of persistent static fractions, mixing and axial dispersion are compared with multiphase flow through macroscopic structured/unstructured beds and porous media.

A piezo-electric sample-injector [1,2] is integrated into the chip (c) and allows to inject 100nl tracer volumes and integrated spectroscopy is used to determine axial dispersion from the broadening tracer pulse. Pulse-laser fluorescence microscopy reveals multiphase flow patterns (d). Dispersion is significantly reduced influenced in comparison to single-phase flows and the separation of nanoparticles based on size exclusion in thin liquid films is demonstrated.

References:

[1] Guenther, A., Khan, S.A., Trachsel, F., Thalmann, M., Jensen, K.F. Lab on a Chip, 4 (4), 2004.

[2] Trachsel, F., Guenther, A., Khan, S.A., Jensen, K.F. Chem. Eng. Sci., 60 (21), 2005.