(440g) Reversible Chemisorption of Carbon Dioxide

Authors: 
Verdooren, A., Lehigh University
McMullen, J. P., Lehigh University
Purcell, J. L., Lehigh University


The advent of hydrogen economy has renewed interest in novel ways of producing hydrogen by reforming of natural gas and by gasification of coal. Sorption Enhanced Reaction Processes (SERP) can have large impacts in achieving these goals. The SERP concepts use a reversible chemisorbent for selective removal of CO2 from a hot gas (350-450 oC).

Hydrotalcites promoted by K2CO3 is a found to be an acceptable chemisorbent for this purpose. This paper reports the results of detailed column dynamic and TGA studies of high temperature sorption and desorption of CO2 from N2 on such a material. The chemisorption isotherms of CO2 are Type I and the rate of chemisorption is fast. The desorption of chemisorbed CO2 is governed essentially by local equilibrium. Thermodynamic models are proposed to describe the chemisorption process. Possible mechanisms of the surface reactions underlying the chemisorption process are discussed.