(244b) Profiling and Quantitative Analysis of Protein Expression Controlled by Type III Secretion System of the Plant Pathogen Pseudomonas Syringae Pv. Tomato Dc3000

Authors: 
Finehout, E. J. - Presenter, Cornell University
Choe, L. H. - Presenter, Cornell University
Bronstein, P. - Presenter, Cornell University
Wood, T. K. - Presenter, University of Connecticut
Collmer, A. - Presenter, Cornell University
Schneider, D. - Presenter, United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service
Cartinhour, S. - Presenter, United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service

Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 is an economically important plant pathogen which causes bacterial speck in tomato. DC3000 uses a type III secretion system (TTSS) to deliver virulence factors into the plant cells. Previously, we have performed 2-D electrophoresis of intracellular and secreted proteins of DC3000 and its isogenic ΔhrpL mutant (hrpL encodes a sigma factor of the TTSS) grown in bioreactors. Also, we have shown that the TTSS is regulated by quorum sensing (bacterial gene regulation by sensing the cell density). In this study, we discuss the use of proteomics to facilitate the annotation of the genome using 2-D gels and shotgun proteomics. The protein spots from 2-D gels were identified using MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry to generate the 2-D maps of the intracellular and secreted proteins. In total, over 1200 open reading frames were identified from this organism. Quantitative changes in protein expression for DC3000 compared to ΔhrpL mutant will be discussed. In addition, the quorum sensing signal of DC3000 was identified to be 3-oxohexanoyl-homoserine lactone using mass spectrometry. Control of TTSS using quorum sensing antagonist (5Z)-4-bromo-5-(bromomethylene)-3-butyl-2(5H)-furanone will be discussed.