Fossil Fuels

Advanced Hydrogen Management : More Than a Balancing Act

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Modern high complexity refining landscape involves increasing proportion of “opportunity crude” processing and widened bottom-of-the-barrel...

Critical FLNG Project Enablers: Identified Risks and Mitigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Energy demand in the next two decades is expected to increase by 50 percent or more driven by the engine of economic growth. In parallel, the global...

LNG Tank Top Fires

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
The regulatory requirements of 49 CFR 193, Liquefied Natural Gas Facilities: Federal Safety Standards, require thorough engineering reviews before...

Operational Inputs Into the Mechanical Integrity Program

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
A predictive mechanical integrity (MI) program is based on the following: * Damage mechanisms that affect process equipment. * Rate at which...

Process Automation During Refinery Unit Transitions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Process Automation ideas and technologies have been used sporadically for decades. However, in US refineries, automation technologies are still...

Study on Energy Consumption for Natural Gas Liquefaction

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The main purpose of this work is to optimize natural gas liquefaction process by reducing energy consumption. At first, a rigorous simulation of...

Multi-Model MPC for a Complex pH Neutralization Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Control of feed pH control is an important task in chemical industries, wastewater treatment, polymerization reactions, fatty acid production and...

Exploitation of Low-Grade Heat In Site Utility Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The site utility system provides the heating, cooling load along with power production for the processes on the total site. Low-grade heat is...

Novel Additives to Improve Resid Quality

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
With an increasing focus on resid upgrade and bottom of the barrel conversion over the years due to economic advantages, refiners are increasingly...

New Continuous Coking Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
NEW CONTINUOUS COKING PROCESS A new coking process can accept resid feed from the conventional resid heater in a coking plant and continuously...

The Role of Heat Exchangers In Post-Combustion CO2 Capture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The role of heat exchangers in post-combustion CO2 capture Warren Ziegler Motivation: The overall energy penalty for post-combustion carbon capture...

Handling LPG Components In LNG Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Natural Gas Liquid (NGL) recovery is an inherent part of most Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) production trains. The requirement serves many purposes,...

Efficient Power Recovery In LNG Regasification Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Regasification plants vaporize liquefied natural gas using mainly high-pressure LNG pumps and heat exchangers. The vaporization pressure corresponds...

Thermal Plasma Gasification of Different Coals with Carbon Dioxide

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Carbon dioxide emissions from conventional coal-fired power plants constitute the majority CO 2 emissions in the U.S. Mitigation of CO 2 by chemical...

The Impacts of Tight Gas and Shale to Global LNG Market and Gas

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
“Do we have enough gas?” This question asked by former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan in 2003 had prompted him to declare that the US did...

Petroleum Resid Conversion: Opportunities and Limitations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
In the conversion of vacuum resids one has the option to form coke as a byproduct or to devise conversion processes that prevent coke formation while...

Plasma Assisted De-NOx In Diesel Engine

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Plasma assisted De-NOx systems in mobile application are introduced. In general, de-NOx process requires reductant for reducing catalyst. NH3(Urea)...

Mercury Removal From Gaseous and Liquid Hydrocarbons

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Mercury is present in many of the world’s oil & gas fields and its removal and capture is important for a number of reasons: * Process plants...

What Are We Going to Do with All This Natural Gas?” –

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The success in Shale and other unconventional formations has dramatically expanded the N. American Natural Gas reserves and promises to also do so in...

Processing Heavy Crudes In Existing Refineries

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Increasing amounts of heavy crudes are being produced, particularly in Canada and South America. The discount prices for these crudes, relative to...

CO2 Tolerant N2 Rejection From Natural Gas

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Associated gas from the oil industry has been flared for decades. The prevailing attitude towards CO 2 emissions and other pollutants requires smart...

Designing for an LNG Loading Arm Failure

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, March 24, 2010 - 8:00pm
Over the last few decades, LNG has vaulted onto the world stage as a viable candidate for future energy needs. Scores of studies have been done to...

The Effect of Turbulence on the Evaporation of LNG Spills on Water

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, March 24, 2010 - 8:00pm
An important element of the overall risk of near-shore and offshore LNG operations is the behavior of spills on water: how the spill first interacts...

Integrated Refinery Cracker, the New Paradigm

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The new trends in crackers are higher capacity and heavier feedstock. This makes the integration between refineries and crackers significantly more...

Uncertainties in Modeling LNG Vapor Dispersion with CFD Codes

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models have been widely proposed and developed to predict LNG vapor dispersion behavior and to determine safe...

Technologies for Enhancing Refinery Gas Value

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The trend of processing heavy and sour crude is resulting in 'fuel long' refineries which seek to export energy in the form of refinery fuel gas or...

Stripper Configurations for CO2 Capture by Aqueous Amines

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
A monumental task for improving the feasibility of carbon capture from the flue gas of coal-fired power plants is reducing the total energy cost. A...

Full Potential Conversion of Vacuum Resids

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Present vacuum resid conversion processes, either coking or hydroconversion, are far from achieving their maximum conversion. With the remaining...

Revamp Fired Heater to Maximize Thermal Efficiency

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Fired heaters are in the refining and petroleum industry. In the current scenario, it is important to maximize fired heater efficiency to the maximum...

Enterprise Inventory Management in Volatile Markets

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Hydrocarbon and other commodity prices are increasingly volatile due to factors which include speculation, reduced inventory and a lack of spare...

Loop Tuning Basics

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
There are many methods to tune PID controllers. This presentation provides a tutorial on tuning PID process controllers using Internal Model Control...

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