Process Safety

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Process Safety Boot Camp

Public (classroom) Course
Offered in North America, this intensive and highly interactive 4-day course trains chemical engineers in the fundamentals of Process Safety. Taught...

Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)

CCPS was established in 1985 to focus on engineering and management practices that can prevent and mitigate catastrophic accidents involving release of hazardous materials. CCPS is supported by sponsors in the chemical and hydrocarbon process industries and active worldwide via conferences, books, databases, education, research, and more.

Active Versus Passive Fire Protection - Getting the Balance Right

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 11:00am-11:15am
A key question often asked when trying to evaluate the effectiveness of a fire protection system is how to strike a balance between active and fire...

Changing Demographics: Preserving Safety and Increasing Performance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:45am-11:15am
While process plants under development hold promise for innovative technology, movement from analogue to digital control rooms, and the latest in...

1987 Celanese Pampa Butane Vapor Cloud Explosion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:45am-11:15am
On Saturday November 14, 1987, the presenter personally witnessed a catastrophic vapor cloud explosion at the Celanese Chemicals facility in Pampa,...

Consequence Modeling of Dynamic Source Terms

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:45am-11:15am
While several dispersion modeling tools provide modeling tools for static situations, it is challenging to model conditions when there are several...

Effect of Body Bowl Choking on Pressure Relief Valve Stability

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:45am-11:15am
It is known that the velocity at the outlet flange of conventional PRV (Pressure Relief Valve) reaches the sonic velocity in case of larger size of...

Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with Open Foam

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:15am-10:45am
Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with OpenFoam M. Macchi1, J.X. Wen2*, K. Volkov1 and Y. Chung2 1Centre for Fire and Explosion Studies, Kingston...

Steam Control in Elevated Steam Assisted Flares

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:00am-10:30am
Steam assisted flares are commonly used in the petrochemical industry. Over-steaming of these flares can be a cause of incomplete combustion. But,...

Auditing Relief Systems Design Basis - Best Practices

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 9:00am-9:30am
Auditing Relief Systems Design Basis - Best Practices Ever since OSHA implemented their National Emphasis Program in 2007, facility’s pressure relief...

Ignorance Is No Defense...Audit Management Best Practices

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 9:00am-9:30am
What gets measured gets done. Whether it's for process safety management risk management ISO, OHSAS or equivalent, the audit element is essential to...

Process Safety Auditing: Thinking Beyond Compliance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 8:30am-9:00am
The PSM rule requires a ‘compliance audit’ at least every three years. This description implies that the purpose of the audit is to ensure that legal...

Industrial Partnerships and PSM Standards in Canada

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 8:30am-9:00am
The story of process safety management (PSM) in Canada is quite different than in other countries. The practices and guidelines have evolved through...

We Learn and Share but We Don't Get Better! Time for Huaa

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 8:00am-8:30am
Any organisation can improve by leveraging its knowledge and lessons learned. These learnings or knowledge can be external or, in a global enterprise...

Safety Management of Petrochemical Tank Farms

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 8:00am-8:30am
The storage tank zone of petrochemical enterprises is an important site to store liquid raw materials, intermediate products and target products...

Non-Conventional Methods of Obtaining Combustible Liquid Fuels

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 4:45pm-5:15pm
Introduction Limited world reserves of liquid fuel as well as the general trend to reduce atmospheric contamination pose many challenges for...

Risk Assessment for a Gas and Liquid Hydrogen Fueling Station

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 4:30pm-5:00pm
Fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) have been developed for years to cut dependence on fossil fuel and significantly reduce carbon dioxide emissions toward a...

Experimental Study on Propane Jet Fire Hazards: Thermal Radiation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 4:30pm-5:00pm
Jet fires is a of the major hazards in the oil and gas industry, and half of the reported jet fires caused domino effect to enlarge the incident. The...

LOPA - More Observations from the Originators

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 4:30pm-5:00pm
Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) has been around for 20 years, and in general use for 15 years, with the LOPA textbook from CCPS/AIChE being...

Impacts of Process Safety Time on Layer of Protection Analysis

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 3:30pm-4:00pm
The ability of an Independent Protection Layer (IPL) to achieve a given level of risk reduction is dependent upon its fulfillment of several core...

Mitigation Effect of High Expansion Foam on LNG Vapor Hazard

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 2:30pm-3:00pm
The growing production and consumption of natural gas due to the advancement of technology, e.g., hydraulic fracturing, has accelerated the inter-...

Overfilling Protection for Weak Tanks

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 2:30pm-3:00pm
Low pressure tanks, designed to API-650 & API-620 code of construction may be subject to the overfilling scenario. Existing codes such as API-...

The Four Pillars of Industrial Energy Efficiency

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 2:30pm-3:00pm
Opportunities to improve plant performance and thus enhance energy efficiency across the CPI fall into four main categories: operational improvements...

CFD Modeling of LNG Spreading and Atmospheric Dispersion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 2:00pm-2:30pm
LNG release, spreading and vaporization lead to the formation of a flammable vapor cloud with high VCE risk. NFPA 59A Standard for the Production,...

CFD Modeling of Large Scale LNG Pool Fires

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 1:30pm-2:00pm
The computational fluid dynamics modeling tool FLACS has been widely used for detailed consequence modeling of flamable vapor dispersion and vapor...

On the Use of Laminar Burning Velocities in Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 11:30am-12:00pm
This study explores the role of the premixed laminar burning velocity as a global parameter to evaluate the explosion hazard of flammable gases and...

Challenge of Mitsubishi Chemical's Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 11:30am-12:00pm
Mitsubishi Chemical has been working to improve process safety by implementing safety review (SR) activities.The aim of the SR activity is to improve...

Can I Use My Cooling Water Header As a Relief Device?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 11:30am-12:00pm
According to current industry practice, a heat exchanger tube rupture scenario is considered when the design pressure or maximum possible system...

Understanding Gas Blowby Scenario Calculations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 11:00am-11:30am
Gas blowby overpressure scenarios are routinely identified when analyzing vessels with liquid-level inlet control valves. Blowby can occur when this...

Autonomous Remote Gas Detection Using Optical Imaging Technology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 11:00am-11:30am
ExxonMobil Research Qatar has partnered with a U.S. based firm, Providence Photonics, to develop a Remote Gas Detection (IntelliRed TM ) technology...

Eli Lilly PSM Implementation Case Study

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 10:30am-11:00am
Eli Lilly and Company (a global pharmaceutical firm) undertook an initiative to implement a Process Safety Management Program Globally at...

Reliability: The Next Revolution in Process Manufacturing

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 9:45am-10:00am
David Rosenthal, PE, CMRP is a Reliability Consultant representing his Reliability Strategy and Implementation Consultancy LLC firm. He previously...

NOx, NOx, Who's There - Steam Cracker or Smr? a Tutorial and Wrap-up

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 9:30am-10:00am
Now that the remaining pieces of the puzzle have fallen into place, it is instructive to revisit NOx abatement measures for steam cracking and steam-...

Automation Solutions for Processing Light Tight (Shale) Oil

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 4:30pm-5:00pm
Opportunity crudes from shale are more readily available in North America with incentives on cost. However, these typically lighter crude oils don’t...

Low Temperature / Auto-Refrigeration Incidents Panel Discussion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 4:15pm-4:45pm
A number of ethylene producers will share their experiences with low temperature / auto-refrigeration (near miss incidents, PHAs, mitigation, etc.)...

Molecular Modeling of Naphtha Catalytic Reforming

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 3:30pm-4:00pm
Molecular Modelling of Naphtha Catalytic Reforming Catalytic reforming is one of the most important refinery processes providing high octane number...

Relief Systems Design: Simplifying Assumptions Gone Wrong

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 11:15am-11:45am
The process of evaluating an entire facility’s relief and flare systems design can be extremely time consuming and costly. In most cases, simplifying...

Equations for Flammability Parameters, Pmax and KG

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 11:15am-11:45am
The maximum pressure of gas combustion, P max , and the deflagration index, K G ,are very important flammability parameters that are used for risk...

Perspectives on Ragagep

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 10:45am-11:15am
Recognized and Generally Accepted Good Engineering Practice or RAGAGEP is a fundamental building block of OSHA's PSM standard. OSHA has announced...

Impact of DDT on FPSO Explosion Risk Assessment

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 10:45am-11:15am
In recent explosion accidents on onshore petrochemical facilities, it has been concluded that a deflagration-to-detonation-transition (DDT) took...

Ethylene Decomposition: A Review

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 9:45am-10:00am
Under conditions of high pressure and temperature, ethylene can decompose to methane and carbon. This highly exothermic reaction, once initiated, is...

Walk the Line

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 9:00am-9:30am
Walk the Line Jerry Forest Global Process Safety Manager Celanese 225 E. John Carpenter Freeway Suite 1200 Dallas, TX 75234 (214) 417-1920 Jerry...

Vinyl Chloride Monomer Explosion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 9:00am-9:30am
2007 LPS best paper

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