Process Safety

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Process Safety Boot Camp

Public (classroom) Course
Offered in North America, this intensive and highly interactive 4-day course trains chemical engineers in the fundamentals of Process Safety. Taught...

Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)

CCPS was established in 1985 to focus on engineering and management practices that can prevent and mitigate catastrophic accidents involving release of hazardous materials. CCPS is supported by sponsors in the chemical and hydrocarbon process industries and active worldwide via conferences, books, databases, education, research, and more.

What to Do When Nothing Has Happened?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
Often during a Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) or a Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA) study, historical information indicates no occurrences of a...

An Update on OSHA's PSM National Emphasis Programs

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
Since 2007, OSHA has initiated two major National Emphasis Programs (NEPs) in process safety. The Petroleum Refinery Process Safety Management NEP (...

Good Engineering Practices - Inspection and Test Frequencies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 15, 2011
The "Process Safety Management" standard of the Occupational Safety and Health Act [OSHA] requires that "The frequency of inspections and tests of...

A Work Process for Revalidating LOPAs and Other Risk Analyses

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
The Chemical Process Industry (CPI) has long recognized the necessity of periodically revalidating Process Hazard Analyses (PHAs), such as Hazard and...

Specifying Reliability Performance to Meet PSM Expectations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
Process Hazard Analysis (PHA) and Mechanical Integrity (MI) programs are two of the fourteen elements that the Process Safety Management (PSM)...

Management of Change (MOC) Basics for Plant Engineers

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
The essentials of Management of Change (MOC) for plant engineers will be presented. The meaning of MOC will be explained and its central role in safe...

Systematic Workforce Involvement In Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
Workforce involvement is an essential element of effective process safety management. This paper will describe proven methods of workforce...

Portfolio Risk Management for Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
A majority of PSM tools and risk methodologies are focused on risks at individual sites or process units. For example, PHA risk ranking matrices are...

Making Existing Process Plants Inherently Safer

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
Making process plants inherently safer has obvious advantages and is easiest to do when designing a new plant. Modification of existing plants to...

It's People, Stupid! Human Factors In Incident Investigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
People have inherent strengths and weaknesses which can affect their performance. Issues such as fatigue, emotional stress, and motivation can...

Incident Investigation- Addressing Common Oversights

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
Principles of incident investigation may be used in daily process troubleshooting and near miss events to identify root cause. Identifying and...

How to Develop Effective Safety Training? A Lifecycle Approach

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
Safety training is one of the most important tools for upgrading the safety level and for minimizing the likelihood and the consequences of accidents...

Ignition of Dust Layers by Mechanical Sparks

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
Dust explosions represent a considerable safety risk in process industry. Statistical records of dust explosions show that 32.7 % of these explosions...

Implementation of PSM In Capital Projects

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
It is critical to embed Process Safety Management in the capital project system to help achieve a safe start-up. This is the foundation for assuring...

LOPA – Validating Human IPLs and Ies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a simplified risk assessment method that provides an order of magnitude estimate of the risk of a potential...

A Key Factor In Hazardous Processes: Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
The significance of Safety Culture is becoming increasingly recognized as a key factor to achieve the safe operation of hazardous processes. This...

Inherent Safety In Front End Engineering

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 14, 2011
The best time to apply the principles of inherent safety is during the early stages of a design. In particular it is at the early stages that the ?...

PSM Auditing Dilemmas

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 13, 2011
In most PSM audits, the audit team will face one or more situations that represent a dilemma. These dilemmas usually require the individual auditor...

Human Performance Training

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 13, 2011
Operator competency has been a major challenge for the petrochemical and refining industry for decades. In recent times, human factors are believed...

Quantitative Models for Assessing MOC Performance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 13, 2011
The safety community, bolstered by the PSM regulations, has emphasized the importance of proper management of change to ensure safe, reliable and...

Management of Change (MOC) Auditing System

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 13, 2011
Our company has discovered that regular auditing of the MOC process is essential to enforcing its proper use. We have developed an audit that can be...

The UK Experience In Managing Risks Arising From Human Error

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 13, 2011
Following the Piper Alpha incident in the North Sea, both offshore and onshore Oil and Gas operators in the UK were required under the COMAH (Control...

Process Safety Performance Tool

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 13, 2011
The process safety management in a petrochemical company is a key factor for sustainability, since intends to prevent or minimize the consequences of...

Using LOPA for Sil Assignment: A Tale of Two Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 13, 2011
Two plants operated by the same company have ?identical? ammonium nitrate (AN) solution pump installations. Yet the LOPA teams concluded that the...

Challenges in Hosting an NEP Inspection

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 23, 2010
An NEP inspection can be very resource intensive; OSHA has received over well over 10,000 pages of documentation at one refinery during an NEP...

A Framework for Human Error Analysis of Emergency Situations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 23, 2010
Human factors play an important role in the escape, evacuation and rescue process. Human factors analysis is rooted in the concept that the frequency...

Elements of Human Factors Missing from Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 23, 2010
Process safety is about controlling risk of failures and errors; controlling risk is primarily about reducing the risk of human error. All elements...

OSHA Chemical NEP Panel Discussion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 23, 2010
This presentation will provide additional time for the session speakers to discuss additional aspects of the OSHA Chemical National Emphasis Program...

OSHA Refinery and Chemical NEP Findings

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 23, 2010
Since 2007, OSHA has initiated two major National Emphasis Programs (NEPs) in process safety. The Petroleum Refinery Process Safety Management NEP (...

Investigation of an Explosion in a Gasoline Purification Plant

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 23, 2010
On May 24, 2007 an explosion and subsequent fire destroyed a tank farm located at a gasoline purification plant in Sløvåg, Norway. In addition to the...

Preparing for the Chemical NEP

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 23, 2010
On July 27, 2009, OSHA issued a National Emphasis Program for the chemical industry (“the Chemical NEP”). Pursuant to the Chemical NEP, OSHA will...

Modification of Risk Using Barrier Methodology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 23, 2010
Risk assessments use frequency data mostly from generic sources, typically from the North Sea offshore environment or from process facility records...

Complying with OSHA's RNEP, CNEP, and VPP RAGAGEP

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 23, 2010
The OSHA Refinery National Emphasis Program (NEP) and OSHA Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) PSM Supplement ask specific questions relative to many...

Objective Analysis of PSM Audit Data

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 23, 2010
In developing systems for Process Safety Management, compliance audits are integral with verification that practices and procedures are developed and...

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