Process Safety

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Process Safety Boot Camp

Public (classroom) Course
Offered in North America, this intensive and highly interactive 4-day course trains chemical engineers in the fundamentals of Process Safety. Taught...

Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)

CCPS was established in 1985 to focus on engineering and management practices that can prevent and mitigate catastrophic accidents involving release of hazardous materials. CCPS is supported by sponsors in the chemical and hydrocarbon process industries and active worldwide via conferences, books, databases, education, research, and more.

1987 Celanese Pampa Butane Vapor Cloud Explosion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
On Saturday November 14, 1987, the presenter personally witnessed a catastrophic vapor cloud explosion at the Celanese Chemicals facility in Pampa,...

Consequence Modeling of Dynamic Source Terms

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
While several dispersion modeling tools provide modeling tools for static situations, it is challenging to model conditions when there are several...

Effect of Body Bowl Choking on Pressure Relief Valve Stability

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
It is known that the velocity at the outlet flange of conventional PRV (Pressure Relief Valve) reaches the sonic velocity in case of larger size of...

How Does "Deviation" Become "Normal"?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
How does "deviation" become "normal"? How does deviation from established safe practices become institutionalized within an organization? Conducting...

Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with Open Foam

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with OpenFoam M. Macchi1, J.X. Wen2*, K. Volkov1 and Y. Chung2 1Centre for Fire and Explosion Studies, Kingston...

Steam Control in Elevated Steam Assisted Flares

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Steam assisted flares are commonly used in the petrochemical industry. Over-steaming of these flares can be a cause of incomplete combustion. But,...

Ignorance Is No Defense...Audit Management Best Practices

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
What gets measured gets done. Whether it's for process safety management risk management ISO, OHSAS or equivalent, the audit element is essential to...

Auditing Relief Systems Design Basis - Best Practices

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Auditing Relief Systems Design Basis - Best Practices Ever since OSHA implemented their National Emphasis Program in 2007, facility’s pressure relief...

Industrial Partnerships and PSM Standards in Canada

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
The story of process safety management (PSM) in Canada is quite different than in other countries. The practices and guidelines have evolved through...

Process Safety Auditing: Thinking Beyond Compliance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
The PSM rule requires a ‘compliance audit’ at least every three years. This description implies that the purpose of the audit is to ensure that legal...

We Learn and Share but We Don't Get Better! Time for Huaa

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Any organisation can improve by leveraging its knowledge and lessons learned. These learnings or knowledge can be external or, in a global enterprise...

Safety Management of Petrochemical Tank Farms

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
The storage tank zone of petrochemical enterprises is an important site to store liquid raw materials, intermediate products and target products...

LOPA - More Observations from the Originators

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) has been around for 20 years, and in general use for 15 years, with the LOPA textbook from CCPS/AIChE being...

Evolution of Relief Sizing at an Operating Company

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Codes, Standards, and Recognized and Generally Accepted Good Engineering Practices regarding the engineering design of pressure relief systems have...

Incidentes Ocurridos En La Industria Del Gnl

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
En este documento se hace una recopilación de los incidentes más importantes ocurridos a lo largo de la historia de la industria de GNL, mediante la...

Risk Assessment for a Gas and Liquid Hydrogen Fueling Station

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) have been developed for years to cut dependence on fossil fuel and significantly reduce carbon dioxide emissions toward a...

Demonstrating Separation and Independence of Automated Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA) exposes the role that automation plays in causing initiating events and in responding to the resulting abnormal...

Gas Monetization and Risk Monetization

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Gas Monetization and Risk Monetization Dennis Butts, Partner, Environmental Resources Management Stephen Shaw, Managing Partner, Environmental...

Mitigation Effect of High Expansion Foam on LNG Vapor Hazard

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
The growing production and consumption of natural gas due to the advancement of technology, e.g., hydraulic fracturing, has accelerated the inter-...

Overfilling Protection for Weak Tanks

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Low pressure tanks, designed to API-650 & API-620 code of construction may be subject to the overfilling scenario. Existing codes such as API-...

The Four Pillars of Industrial Energy Efficiency

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Opportunities to improve plant performance and thus enhance energy efficiency across the CPI fall into four main categories: operational improvements...

CFD Modeling of LNG Spreading and Atmospheric Dispersion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
LNG release, spreading and vaporization lead to the formation of a flammable vapor cloud with high VCE risk. NFPA 59A Standard for the Production,...

CFD Modeling of Large Scale LNG Pool Fires

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
The computational fluid dynamics modeling tool FLACS has been widely used for detailed consequence modeling of flamable vapor dispersion and vapor...

Can I Use My Cooling Water Header As a Relief Device?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
According to current industry practice, a heat exchanger tube rupture scenario is considered when the design pressure or maximum possible system...

On the Use of Laminar Burning Velocities in Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
This study explores the role of the premixed laminar burning velocity as a global parameter to evaluate the explosion hazard of flammable gases and...

Challenge of Mitsubishi Chemical's Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Mitsubishi Chemical has been working to improve process safety by implementing safety review (SR) activities.The aim of the SR activity is to improve...

Understanding Gas Blowby Scenario Calculations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Gas blowby overpressure scenarios are routinely identified when analyzing vessels with liquid-level inlet control valves. Blowby can occur when this...

Eli Lilly PSM Implementation Case Study

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Eli Lilly and Company (a global pharmaceutical firm) undertook an initiative to implement a Process Safety Management Program Globally at...

Reliability: The Next Revolution in Process Manufacturing

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
David Rosenthal, PE, CMRP is a Reliability Consultant representing his Reliability Strategy and Implementation Consultancy LLC firm. He previously...

Acetylene Converter Safety Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
Acetylene is produced as a by-product during the pyrolysis cracking of hydrocarbons in ethylene plant furnaces. Typically the acceptable acetylene...

Using LOPA to Establish SILs for Power Outage Protection

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
Catastrophic incident root causes often may be correlated with power outages. An unanticipated power outage may be an initiating event that leads to...

Process safety status in China

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
Process safety status in China

Beware of the Black Swan

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
In 16 th century London, a statement that describes impossibility was referred to as a “black swan” because all historical records of swans up to...

Proven in Use (What's the Quality of Your Data)

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
To perform LOPA's, fault tree analysis, SIL verifications and other quantitative likelihood analyses requires data. As much as everyone wants data,...

Working Under Pressure (How do you manage pressure hazards?)

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
Industry is increasingly moving towards utilizing High Integrity Protective Systems (HIPS) to reduce flare loading and prevent the environmental...

Turnaround Excellence - Key Success Factors

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
Turnaround Excellence is more than a state of being… it is a journey. Achieving and sustaining excellence is wholly dependent on a site approach of...

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